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Flashcards in Common Manifestations Deck (24)
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1

Name the term referring to a traumatic or pathologic loss of normal tissue continuity, structure or function?

LESIONS

2

What is the name for a small, flat, circumscribed lesion of a different colour than the normal skin?

MACULE

3

What is the name for a small, firm, elevated lesion?

PAPULE

4

What is the name for an elevated lesion larger than a papule?

NODULE

5

What is the name for an elevated, erythematous lesion that usually contains purulent exudate (pus)?

PUSTULE

6

What is the name for an elevated, thin-walled lesion containing clear fluid?

VESICLE

7

What is the name for a large, slightly elevated lesion with a flat surface, often topped by silvery scale?

PLAQUE

8

What is the name for a dry, rough surface, or dried exudes, or blood?

CRUST

9

What is the name for a thick, dry, rough skin surface (leather like)?

LICHENIFICATION

10

What is the name for a raised, irregular mass of collagen resulting from excessive scar formation?

KELOID

11

What is the name for a small, deep crack or tear in the skin?

FISSURE

12

What is the name for a cavity with loss of tissue from the epidermis and dermis, often with weeping or bleeding?

ULCER

13

What is the name for a shallow moist cavity in the epidermis?

EROSION
(avoid area)

14

What is the name for temporary eruptions of the skin, commonly associated with childhood disease or drug reactions?

RASHES

15

A blanched rash is __________.

WHITE

16

An erythematous rash is ________.

RED

17

A hemorrhagic or purpuric rash is _________ ________.

CONTAINING BLOOD

18

A pigmented rash is _____________.

COLORED

19

A ___________ is a vesicle of fluid filled papule, caused by friction or burns.

BLISTER

20

Breaking a blister will increase the chance of what?

INFECTION

21

What is the name for a hyperkeratotic plaque of skin due to chronic pressure or friction?

CALLUS

22

What are small, well circumscribed, conical, keratinous thickenings of the skin called?

CORNS

23

What is the name for the itch sensation, triggered by warmth, touch and vibration?

PURITIS

24

____________ is caused by dehydration of the stratum corneum.

XEROSIS
(dry skin)