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Flashcards in Common Surgical Signs Deck (171)
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1

What is Cushing response?

Hypertension
Bradycardia
Irregular respiration

Alteration: BP, HR, RR

2

Bilateral infection of the submandibular space (sublingual, submylohyoid, submaxillary space)

Ludwig angina

3

Cushing response is seen in

Increased intracranial pressure (late sign)

4

Ludwig angina is seen in

Infected 2nd-3rd mandibular molar teeth

5

Bilateral black eyes

Racoon eyes

6

Racoon eyes is seen in

Basal skull fractureq

7

Beck triad involves

Neck vein engorgement
Muffled heart sounds
Hypotension

8

Beck triad is seen in

Cardiac tamponade

9

Facial congestion/cyanosis when arms are elevated over the head as they touch the face
Respiratory distress may also be seen

Pemberton sign

10

Pemberton sign is seen in

Superior vena cava syndrome

11

pain reflex contraction of the right hip joint

Arapov sign

12

Arapov sign is seen in

Appendicitis

13

Referred pain or feeling of distress in epigastrium or precordial region on continuous firm pressure over the Mc Burney point

Appendicitis

14

Temporary abdominal wall rebound tenderness

Blumberg sign

15

Shelf palpable on rectal or even vaginal examination

Blumer shelf

16

Blumer shelf is seen in

Metastasis in the pouch of Douglas secondary to lung, pancreatic or gastric carcinoma

17

Is a specific type of volvulus that occurs when the stomach twists on its mesentery
Atleast 180 degrees
Cause bowel obstruction

Gastric volvulus

18

Classic triad of Borchardt

Severe sudden epigastric pain
Intractable retching without vomiting
Inability to pass a nasogastric tube

19

Borchardt sign is seen in

Gastric volvulus

20

Exacerbation of pain when the uterus is shifted to the right side

Bryan sign

21

Bryan sign is seen in

AP in pregnancy

22

Distended or engorged superficial epigastric veins radiating from the umbilicus

Caput medusae

23

Caput medusae is seen in

Portal hypertension (liver cirrhosis)

24

Positive carnett sign

Unremitting or increased abdominal pain when patient is asked to lift head

25

Negative carnett sign

Decreased abdominal pain when asked to lift head

26

Positive carnett sign suggests

Source of abdominal pain is in the abdominal wall

27

If negative Carnett sign

Source of abdominal pain is intraabdominal

28

Change of note from resonant to dull when an examiner percusses the area of the lowest intercostal space (eight or ninth) in the left anterior axillary line during full expiration and inspiration

Castell sign

29

Castell sign is seen in

Splenomegaly

30

Excruciating cervical motion tenderness upon cervical manipulation (pain so great that the patient reflexively reaches to grab the chandelier)

Pelvic inflammatory disease , ectopic pregnanc