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Flashcards in Commonalities Deck (32):
1

bitters (15)

Achillea millefolium
articum lappa
artemsia absinthum
artemsia annua
artemsia vulgaris
berberis aquifolium
berberis vulgaris
chelidonium majus
chionanthus virginicus
cynara scolymus
gentian lutea
harpagaophytum procumbens
humulus lupus
hydrastus canadensis
juniperus communis
leptandra virginica
taraxacum officinale

2

bitters (A: 5)

Achillea millefolium
articum lappa
artemsia absinthum
artemsia annua
artemsia vulgaris

3

bitters (B:2)

berberis aquifolium
berberis vulgaris

4

bitters (C: 3)

chelidonium majus
chionanthus virginicus
cynara scolymus

5

bitters (H: 3)

harpagaophytum procumbens
humulus lupus
hydrastus canadensis

6

bitters (G, J, L, T)

gentian lutea
juniperus communis
leptandra virginica
taraxacum officinale

7

uterine tonics (7)

actea racemosa
angelica sinesis
caulophyllum thalictroides
chamaelirium luteum
mitchella repens
rubus idaeus
vitex agnus castus

8

cathartics with anthraquinone glycosides

aloe vera latex
cassia spp
rhamnus purshiana
ricinus communis
rumex crispus

9

herbal cathartics interactions

avoid use with hypokalemic drugs
*diuretics
*corticosteroids
*cardiac glycosides
*anti-arrhythmics
*pseudoephedrine
*glycyrrhiza

10

demulcents (3)

althaea officinales
plantago major
ulmus rubra

11

bitter digestive stimulating herbs CI

GERD
PUD
Gastritis
biliary obstruction
acute cholelithiasis
diarrhea

12

adaptogens (9)

astragalus membranaceus
eleutherococcus senticosus
ganoderma lucidum
glycyrrhiza glabra
ligustic lucidum
panax ginseng
rhodiola rosea
schisandra chinesis
withania somniferi

13

adapatogens interactions

usually many interactions

typical: antagonize immune suppression treatment
*adalimumab
*cyclosporine
*corticosteroids

14

anti-muscarinics

atropa belladonna
datura stromonium
hyoscyamus niger

15

topical counter-irritant (7)

capsicum frutescens
eucalyptus globulus
juniperus communis
mentha piperita
rosmarinus officinalus
thymus vulgarus
urtica dioica

16

topical counter-irritant typical indications

OA
RA
myalgia
strains/sprains

17

bitters interactions

increase gut motility which may lead to decrease gut absorption
antagonist effect with PPIs

18

adaptogens (A, E, L, P, R, S, W: 1)

astragalus membranaceus
eleutherococcus senticosus
ligustic lucidum
panax ginseng
rhodiola rosea
schisandra chinesis
withania somniferi

19

adaptogens (G: 2)

ganoderma lucidum
glycyrrhiza glabra

20

Uterine tonics (A: 2, C: 2)

actea racemosa
angelica sinesis
caulophyllum thalictroides
chamaelirium luteum

21

Uterine tonics (M, R, V: 1)

mitchella repens
rubus idaeus
vitex agnus castus

22

topical counter-irritant ( C, E, J, M, R, T, U )

capsicum frutescens
eucalyptus globulus
juniperus communis
mentha piperita
rosmarinus officinalus
thymus vulgarus
urtica dioica

23

herbs withcardioactive glycosides

convallaria majalis
digitalis purpurea
leonurus cardiaca

24

cardioactive glycosides interactions

avoid use with hypokalemic drugs
*cathartics
*diuretics
*corticosteroids
*cardiac glycosides
*anti-arrhythmics
*pseudoephedrine
*glycyrrhiza

potentiates beta blockers

25

herbs with unsaturated pyrrolizidine alkaloids (5)

cineraria maritima
eupatorium perfoliatum
eupatorium purpureum
symphytum officinale
tussilago farfara

26

unsaturated pyrrolizidine alkaloids ADR and interactions

! nausea, hepato veno occlusive disease, hepatic failure, death

<> synergist with hepatotoxic drugs

(cineraria maritima, eupatorium perfoliatum / purpureum, symphytum officinale, tussilago farfara)

27

herbs that contain thujone

Achillea millefolium
Salvia officinalis
Artemesia (absenthium, vulgaris)
Juniperus communis
tanacetum vulgare
Thuja occidentalis

28

thujone ADR

emmenagogue
abortifacient
convulsions

29

herbs that may potentiate doxorubicin

rosmarinus officinalis
Panax ginseng
Silybum marianus

30

Herbs that may be hepatotoxic

piper methysticum
herbs containing unsaturated pyrrolizidine alkaloids (cineraria, eupatorium, symphytum, tussilago)
camellia sinensis
larrea tridentata
scuttelaria baicalensis

31

urolithic herbs

equisterum arvense
eupatorium purpureum
galium aparine
hydrangea arborescens
taraxacum officinalis

32

styptic herbs

capsella bursa-pastoris
cinnamomum zelyanicum
geranium maculatum
hamamelis virginiana