# Comp exam prep test Research and Evaluation 1 Flashcards

Clinical vs. actuarial prediction research is concerned with:

- which type of therapy is best evaluated with either method
- the best evaluative procedure for career assessment
- the best way to interpret information
- parametric vs. non-parametric analysis

Research in psychotherapy regarding the effectiveness of different theoretical orientations suggests:

- outcome research although improving is sparse
- difficulty in comparing cure rates across theories because of differing philosophies
- different techniques produce different results
- effectiveness of the models is not the most important variable

Measuring change in psychotherapy has typically been accomplished by which of the following?

-observation by trained individuals

- insight
- matched assignments of individual

-random assignment

Early research by Eysenck (1952) and later by Bergin (1971) regarding effectiveness of psychotherapy emphasized that:

- all therapy is effective
- Eysenck said no effect with psychotherapy was evident, while Bergin said psychotherapy was more effective than no treatment
- Eysenck said psychotherapy was more effective than no treatment, while Bergin said there was no difference with psychotherapy
- both said psychotherapy was not effective

Research by several investigators suggested that success in treatment is more likely with which type of client?

- borderline
- phobic
- alcoholic
- low self-esteem

A “placebo” is designed to serve:

- as treatment
- as a control
- in lieu of a drug
- as a non-effective change agent

Which therapy has been known to be effective with depression?

- Lowen’s bioenergy
- Loveinger’s ego therapy
- Stampfl’s Implosive therapy
- Beck’s cognitive therapy

Anxiety problems appear to be best remediated with which type of therapy?

- cognitive-behavioral
- rational-emotive
- existential
- eclectic

In conducting therapy with a phobic problem, the best way to measure change would be to use:

- subjective evaluation
- physiological changes
- self-report
- behavior rating

A control group is:

- the dependent variable
- the group who receives the “halo effect” but not the treatment
- a group of individuals who are not exposed to the treatment
- a double-blind group in which the researcher does not know who is in the control group

The attempt to scale down therapy to a few workable variables studied in the laboratory is what type of research?

- analog
- comparative
- experimental
- historical

When utilizing inferential statistics, the central tendency considered the most helpful is the:

- mean
- median
- mode
- standard deviation

If you calculated the score on a math test for 15 sophomores and they all had the same score, then you could determine that the variance would be:

- the score itself
- zero
- one
- need the actual math score to be able to determine the variance of a set of scores

If the appropriate variance for a set of test scores is the interquartile range, then the appropriate central tendency would be:

- mean
- median
- mode
- mean, median, mode

When a two-tailed test of significance is being utilized one can safely say:

- one is rejecting both ends of a sampling distribution
- one is rejecting one end of a sampling distribution
- one is rejecting the middle of a sampling distribution and accepting the two ends of the distribution
- failure to reject the hypothesis because the two tails are not in the distribution free sampling