Comp. Models of the Mind I Flashcards Preview

Mei:CogSci Semester 2 > Comp. Models of the Mind I > Flashcards

Flashcards in Comp. Models of the Mind I Deck (25):
1

Who said: "Minds are what brains do"

Minsky 1986

2

What does the "Metaphysical Functionalism" say? And who? And example!

Mental states are irreducable. (Searle 2005)
e.g.: Money can not be described by physical means.

3

What's the type-identity in monism?

Mental states can be mapped onto physical states.

4

What's the token-identity in monism?

Weaker form of identity: no unique mapping of mental states onto physical states

5

What does the classical cognitivism say about cognitive processes?

They are a (special kind of) computational processes over (sympbolic or subsymbolic) representations.

6

Another, rather fancy, name for the Input-Cognition-Output-Sandwich-Model of cognition:

Intracranialism

7

What does intracranialism say about cognition? and who?

Cognition is the intracranial "filling" between perceptual input from and behavioral output to the world surrounding the agent. (Hurley 1998, 2001)

8

Cognitive extension is related to ...

... the extended mind.

9

What does "cognitive extension" mean?

Cognitive processes extend into the extracranial parts of the body and the extrabodily parts of the environment.

10

THE paper on extended mind:

Clark, Chalmers: "The Extended Mind". in Analysis (1998)

11

Concepts and theories related to cognitive extension:

- Vehicle Externalism (Hurley 1998)
- Wide Computationalism (Wilson 1994, 2004)
- Environmentalism (Rowlands 1999)
- Radical Embodied Cognitive Science (Chemero 2009)

12

What does the "Big Question" by Rowlands argue against?

Against the claim that wider bodily structures and processes constitute, or are constituents of, cognitive processes.

13

Who, when and where published the "checker shadow illusion"?

Edward H. Adelson (1995) at MIT

14

Who listed the "seven sins of memory"?

Daniel L. Schacter (2001)

15

What are the "seven sins of memory"?

- Transience
- Absent-Mindedness
- Blocking
- Suggestibility
- Bias
- Persistance
- Misattribution

16

Parts of the individual mind?

consciousness, emotions, Intellect, imagination, thoughts, will

17

Properties of the individual mind?

immaterial, invisible, private, temporally (and spatially??) extent

18

Examples for supraindividual mind (names):

- Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770 - 1831)
- Wilhelm Dilthey (1833 - 1911)

19

Hegel's supraindividual mind:

objective mind in society ("Geist")
historical perspective
absolute mind in the arts, philosophy, religion

20

Dilthey and supraindividual mind:

rejection of notion of objective mind
humanities vs. natural science
comprehension vs. explanation

21

Who wrote "Descartes' Error" (1994)?

Antonio Damasio (Neurologist):
"Somatic marker hypothesis"
Emotion + (not vs.) Reasoning

22

The "Father" of Dualism?

René Descartes (1596 - 1650)
Loss of Limb -> no problem for souls
Loss of head -> ???

23

What does the eliminative materialism say?

Belief, opinion etc. have the same status as "phlogiston" or "whitch"

24

Phlogiston theory (1667)?

Obsolete theory about "fire-like" element by Johann Joachim Becher

25

What sins are related to the question of how reliable our memory is? (part of the mind's influence on obervation of the world?)

Schacter's "seven sins of memory"