Companion Animal Zoonoses Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Companion Animal Zoonoses Deck (9)
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1

What is the difference between anthropozoonosis and zooanthroponosis?

Anthropozoonosis- animals to humans (reservoir in animals can infect humans)
Zooanthroponosis- humans to animals

2

How can zoonoses be spread?

Aerosol (fresh air and space prevents)
Direct contact (prevent bites/scratches)
Indirect contact (hygiene around urine/faeces)
Vector borne (insecticides, careful removal of ticks)
Food borne ( wash food, keep pets away from food)

3

Name 5 common zoonoses viruses?

Cowpox- occasionally cats- direct
Rabies- various species- direct
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus- rodents- direct
Orf- occassionally dogs and cats- direct
Influenza- various species- direct/indirect
Hantavirus- rats- indirect/aerosol
Louping ill- occasional dogs- vector

4

Name 5 common bacterial zoonoses of companion animals?

Anthrax
Cat scratch disease (bartonella henselae)
Leptospirosis
Campylobacter
E. coli
Salmonella

5

Who are the risk factors of ringworm?

Young animals
Catteries
Breed disposition

6

What parasites can be passed from animals to humans?

Nematodes- Toxocara canis (infection unlikely)
Cestodes- Ehinococcus granulosus
Protozoa- Cryptosporidosis, Giardiasis, toxoplasma gondii

7

How can toxacara canis transmission be prevented?

Regular worming treatment

8

How can echinococcuys granulosus be prevented?

Prevent dogs getting access to infected material- meat inspection from abattoirs, remove carcasses from pastures, don't feed raw meat

9

What is the definitive host of toxoplasma gondii and how can it be prevented?

Cats definitive host
Prevention- hygiene, care around litter, don't feed raw meats