Flashcards in Companion Animal Zoonoses Deck (9)
What is the difference between anthropozoonosis and zooanthroponosis?
Anthropozoonosis- animals to humans (reservoir in animals can infect humans)
Zooanthroponosis- humans to animals
How can zoonoses be spread?
Aerosol (fresh air and space prevents)
Direct contact (prevent bites/scratches)
Indirect contact (hygiene around urine/faeces)
Vector borne (insecticides, careful removal of ticks)
Food borne ( wash food, keep pets away from food)
Name 5 common zoonoses viruses?
Cowpox- occasionally cats- direct
Rabies- various species- direct
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus- rodents- direct
Orf- occassionally dogs and cats- direct
Influenza- various species- direct/indirect
Hantavirus- rats- indirect/aerosol
Louping ill- occasional dogs- vector
Name 5 common bacterial zoonoses of companion animals?
Cat scratch disease (bartonella henselae)
Who are the risk factors of ringworm?
What parasites can be passed from animals to humans?
Nematodes- Toxocara canis (infection unlikely)
Cestodes- Ehinococcus granulosus
Protozoa- Cryptosporidosis, Giardiasis, toxoplasma gondii
How can toxacara canis transmission be prevented?
Regular worming treatment
How can echinococcuys granulosus be prevented?
Prevent dogs getting access to infected material- meat inspection from abattoirs, remove carcasses from pastures, don't feed raw meat