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Flashcards in Concepts and Interpretations Sess 1 Deck (5)
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1

Culler states, “...the modern sense of literature is scarcely two centuries old”. What is this ‘modern sense’? Trace its historical development.

- before 1800 the term literature just meant something written down
- literature is about meaning rather than entertainment
- The image we currently have of literature
 Imaginative writing
 We try to interpret the texts and look for hidden meanings.
- Before 1800: literature was every kind of writing
 Largely not studied for their content but for their language/rhetoric
- Nothing is irrevocably “born as literature”, we treat something as literature!

2

According to Culler, which kinds of texts can be read as literature? How?

- we make it literature because we call it that way
- reading literature to become a better person
- literature is a cultural convention
- what leads readers to trat something ias literature is that the find it in certain conett like a library or bookstore

3

How does Culler distinguish between literature and other sorts of communication?

- the reader is the precipitator
- in literature patience is asked much more (because there is intrinsic meaning behind it)
- literature is interested in the form of telling --> tellabilit

4

Discuss the following definitions of literature, provided by Culler:
a. ...as the ‘foregrounding’ of language
b. ... as the integration of language
c. ... as fiction
d. ...as aesthetic object
e. ... as intertextual or self-reflexive construct

a. vivid adjectives like marvelous, tremendous
- literature foregrounds language itself; for example poetry shows the sound patterns occurring language
-- we are made conscious of linguistic organization we general ignore
b. all of literature integrates dissimilar components of language
- all aspects integrate into what is called literature
- puts various elements and components in a relation
-c. something made up
- free interpretation, because the event never happened
- suspension of disbelief

d
- according to Kant the aesthetic is the bridge between the spiritual and material world
- it engages reader to consider the interrelation between form and content

e
- a work never eist b itself but always in relation to other works

5

Discuss in brief the varied functions of literature.

- literature is universal and tells us something about the human condition
-its much more accessible than other art forms and is alle to bring about social change