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Flashcards in Condition/Common Treatments Deck (90):
1

Absence seizures

Ethosuximide

2

Acute gout attack

NSAIDS, colchicine

3

Acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)

All-trans retinoic acid

4

ADHD

Methylphenidate, amphetamines

5

Alcohol use disorder

AA + disulfiram, naltrexone, or acamprosate for patient. Al-Anon for patient's family

6

Alcohol withdrawal

Benzodiazepines

7

Anorexia

Nutrition, psychotherapy

8

Anticoagulation during pregnancy

Heparin

9

Arrhythmia in damaged cardiac tissue

Class 1B antiarrhythmic (lidocaine, mexiletine, tocainide)

10

B12 deficiency

Vit B12 supplementation ( work up cause with Schilling test)

11

benign prostatic hyperplasia

Tamsulosin, finasteride

12

Bipolar disorder

Lithium, Valproate, carbamazepine, lamotrigine ( mood stabilizers)

13

Breast cancer in post menopausal woman

Aromatase inhibitor (anastrozole)

14

Buerger disease

Smoking cessation

15

Bulimia nervosa

SSRI

16

Candida albicans

Amphotericin B (systemic), nystatin ( oral thrush), azoles (vaginitis)

17

Carcinoid syndrome

Octreotide

18

Chlamydia trachomatis

Doxycycline ( + ceftriaxone for gonorrhea coinfection) eryhtromycin eye drops ( prophylaxis in infants)

19

Chronic gout

Probenecid (underexcretor), allopurinol ( overproducer), febuxostat

20

Chronic hepatitis

IFN-a

21

Chronic myelogenous leukemia

Imatinib

22

Clostridium botulinum

Antitoxin

23

Clostridium difficile

Oral metronidazole; if refractory, oral vancomycin

24

Clostridium tetani

Antitoxin + vaccine booster + diazepam

25

CMV

ganciclovir

26

Crohn disease

Corticosteroids, infliximab, methotrexate, azathioprine

27

Cryptococcus neoformans

Fluconazole ( prophylalxis in AIDS patients)

28

Cyclophosphamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis

Mesna

29

Depression

SSRIs

30

Diabetes insipidus

DDAVP (central); hydrochlorothiazide, indomethacin, amiloride (nephrogenic)

31

Diabetes mellitus type 1

Dietary intervention ( low sugar) + insulin replacement

32

Diabetes mellitus type 2

Dietary intervention, oral hypoglycemics, and insulin ( if refractory)

33

Diabetic ketoacidosis

Fluids, insulin, K+

34

Enterococci

Vancomycin/ampicillin + aminoglycoside

35

Erectile dysfunction

sildenafil, vardenafil

36

ER + breast cancer

Tamoxifen

37

Ethylene glycol/ methanol intoxication

Fomepizole (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor)

38

Haemophilus influenzae (B)

Rifampin (prophylaxis)

39

Generalized anxiety disorder

Buspirone

40

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis

Cyclophosphamide, cortiocosteroids

41

Heparin toxicity (acute)

Protamine sulfate

42

HER2/neu + breast cancer

Trastuzumab

43

Hyperaldosteronism

Spironolactone

44

Hypercholesterolemia

Statin ( first-line)

45

Hypertriglyceridemia

Fibrate

46

Immediate anticoagulation

Heparin

47

Infertility

Leuprolide, GnRH (pulsatile), clomiphene

48

Influenza

Rimantadine, oseltamivir

49

Legionella pneumophila

Erythroycin

50

Long-term anticoagulation

Warfarin

51

Malaria

Chloroquine/mefloquine (for blood schizont), primaquine (for liver hypnozoite)

52

Malignant hyperthermia

Dantrolene

53

Medical abortion

Mifepristione

54

Migraine

Sumatriptan

55

MRSA

Vacomycin

56

Multiple scelrosis

B-interferon, immunosuppression, natalizumab

57

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

RIPE (rifampin, INH, pyrazinamide, ethambutol)

58

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Ceftriaxone ( add doxycycline to cover likely concurrent Chlamydia)

59

Neisseria meningitdis

Penicillin/ceftriaxone, rifampin (prophylaxis

60

Neural tube defect prevention

prenatal folic acid

61

Osteomalacia/rickets

Vitamin D supplementation

62

Osteoporosis

Bisphosphonates; calcium and Vitamin D supplementation

63

Patent ductus arteriousus

Indomethacin

64

Pheochromocytoma

a-antagonist ( phenoxybenzamine)

65

Pneumocystis jirovecii

TMP-SMX (prophylaxis in AIDS patients)

66

Prolactinoma

Bromocriptine ( dopamine agaonists)

67

Prostate cancer/uterine fibroids

Leuprolide, GnRH (coninuous)

68

Prostate carcinoma

Flutamide

69

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Antipseudomonal penicillin + aminoglycoside

70

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (idiopathic)

Sildenafil, bosentan, epoprostenol

71

Rickesttsia rickettsii

Doxycycline, chloramphenicol ( associated with aplastic anemia)

72

Ringworm infections

Terbinafine, griseofulvin, imidazole

73

Schizophrenia ( negative symptoms)

5-HT2A antagonists ( e.g. 2nd-generation antipyschotics)

74

Schizophrenia ( positive symptoms)

D2 receptor antagonist ( e.g., 1st and 2nd generation antipychotics)

75

SIADH

Demeclocycline, lithium, vasopressin receptor antagonists

76

Sickle cell anemia

hydroxyurea ( increases fetal hemoglobin.

77

Sporothrix schenckii

Oral potassium iodide

78

Stable angina

sublingual nitroglycerin

79

Staphylococcus aureus

MSSA: nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin (antistaphylococcal penicillins); MRSA : Vancomycin

80

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Penicillin/cephalosporin ( systemic infection, pneumonia), vancomycin (meningitis)

81

Streptococcus pyogenes

Penicillin prophylaxis

82

Temporal arteritis

High-dose steroids

83

Tonic-clonic seizures

Phenytoin, valproate, carbamazepine

84

Toxoplasma gondii

Sulfaadiazine + pyrimethamine

85

Treponema pallidum

penicillin

86

Trichomonas vaginalis

Metronidazole ( patients and partner_

87

Trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux)

Carbamazepine

88

Ulcerative colitis

5-ASA, infliximab, colectomy

89

UTI prophylaxis

TMP-SMX

90

Warfarin toxicity

Fresh frozen plasma (acute), Vitamin K (chronic)