Conformity to social roles - ZIMBARDO Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Conformity to social roles - ZIMBARDO Deck (7)
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1

define social roles

The parts individuals play as members of a social group, which meet the expectations of that situation.

2

What was the aim of Zimbardo's study?

'Do prison guards behave brutally because they have sadistic personalities, or is it the situation that creates the behaviour?'

3

What was the procedure of Zimbardo's study?

- mock prison set up in the basement of stanford university.

- Zimbardo advertised for volunteers in newspaper.

- potential participants were screened for pre existing emotional instability.

- parts. randomly allocated to prisoner or guard.

- "prisoners' arrested by real policemen outside their homes

- when prsnrs. arrvd. formally booked, informed of their miranda rights, fingerprinted, formally identified and stripped

- both prisoners and guards given uniforms

- prisoners were only referred to as their number

4

What were the findings of Zimbardo's study?

- guards conformed quickly - most acted brutally towards prisoners.

- after 2 days the prisoners rebelled

- many prisoners conformed after a few days and became submissive.

- Study was stopped after just 6 days due to the physical and psychological harm endured by the prisoners.

5

What happens to prisoner 8612?

He suffered form emotional disturbances, disorganised thinking and uncontrollable crying. He was eventually released after several requests.

6

What did Zimbardo conclude from this study?

Individuals conform readily to the social roles demanded of a situation even when such roles override an individual's moral beliefs about their personal behaviour.

7

Evaluation points for Zimbardo's study -

- Lacks population validity as only used male Americans.

- Poor ethical conduct.