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Flashcards in Obedience - Milgram Deck (6)
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define obedience?

When one complies with the commands given by a perceived or real figure of authority.


What was the aim of Milgram's study?

To see if ordinary people would obey destructive authority.


What was the procedure of Milligram's study?

- volunteers were recruited for a lab experiment investigating 'learning'
- 40 males ages 20 - 50. job range from unskilled to professional.
- ppts paid for their participation.
- ppts introduced to confederate, drew straws to see who would be the learner, who would be the teacher. Was fixed so the confederate was always the learner.
- screen separating them could hear each other but not see.
- learner had to remember a list of word pairs
- The teacher presented the learner with a word and the learner had to recall its pair.
- Every wrong answer, teacher shocked the learner with electric shock.
- every wrong answer the intensity increased
- if the teacher refused to shock them the experimenter read a prod.


What were the findings of Milgram's study?

All ppts proceeded to 300 volts
65% of ppts proceeded to the highest level of 450 volts.


What was the conclusion of Milgram's study?

Ordinary people are likely to follow figures or authority, even to the extent of killing an innocent person and abandoning their own moral beliefs.


Evaluation points on Milgram's study -

- low internal validity. (some ppts didn't believe it was real)

- Some psychologists argue that the results cannot be generalised to real world environments, as the study took place in a lab.

- Poor ethical conduct

- failed to abide by the rules surrounding the right to withdraw.