Congress reorganised, 1922–30: Flashcards Preview

Edexcel History A-Level (Paper 2 Option 2F.1: India, c1914–48: the road to independence)- Theme 2/ Changing political relationships, 1920–30 > Congress reorganised, 1922–30: > Flashcards

Flashcards in Congress reorganised, 1922–30: Deck (28)
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1

What was the membership of Congress by 1921?

2 million

2

What were the three levels of Congress?

Local branches, Provincial Committees and an All Indian Congress Committee

3

What did the membership of the All Indian Congress Committee increase to under Gandhi?

161 to 350

4

How many additional provincial committees were setup?

100

5

What part of Congress was setup to formulate policy?

Congress Working Committee (CWC)

6

When was Gandhi's All India Spinners' Association setup?

1924

7

Who were the 'young hooligans'?

Subhas Chandra Bose, Jayapraksah Nararyan and Jarwaharlal Nehru

8

What did the 'young hooligans' strongly oppose?

Dominion status

9

When was the Nehru report?

1928

10

Who wrote the Nehru report?

Tej Bahadur Sapru and Motilal Nehru (Jarwaharlal Nehru's father)

11

What did the Nehru report recommend?

Dominion status, the princely states to join into a federation and lose separate electorates

12

When was the Simon Commission?

1928 (no Indians on the Commission)

13

In December 1928, Congress met under Motilal Nehru demanding dominion status. What was the demand made by both Bose and Nehru?

Britain to withdraw from India by 31 December 1929

14

What two groups had established themselves again by 1929 within Congress in regards to policy making?

Moderates and extremists

15

What was Gandhi's decision in 1929 in regards the goals of Congress for future policy?

Purna Swaraj (extremist view)

16

What percentage of government came as a result of the salt tax?

4% (1.5p per person)

17

When did Gandhi's salt march begin?

12 March 1930

18

How many miles was the salt march and how many people accompanied Gandhi?

240 miles and 78 supporters

19

When was the whole of the Congress Working Committee arrested?

June 1930

20

What was the order of priority for the satyagraha that began after the Salt March?

Salt, boycott foreign cloth, non-payment of taxes and refusal of cooperation

21

How many women were in jail by November 1930 as a result of participation in the different satyagrahas?

360

22

How many people passed though Indian jails in 1930?

60,000

23

How many people were still in jail by the end of 1930?

29,000

24

When did Congress allow members to stand for elections to councils set up by the Raj?

1923

25

When did the Lahore Congress decide on Purna Swaraj?

1929

26

When was the designated independence day?

26 January 1930

27

When was Jarwaharlal Nehru imprisoned?

April 1930 (6 months)

28

When was Gandhi arrested?

May 1930