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Hebrew Exegesis > Conjunctions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Conjunctions Deck (15)
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1
Q

אַבָל

A

“but” – marks opposition; indicates the opposite of an expectation raised by
an immediately preceding expression

2
Q

אוֹ

A

“or” – lists alternatives

3
Q

אָז

A

“then”; “at that time”

4
Q

אִם

A

“if” – introduces a real condition (see handout on clauses)
“though, although” – introduces a concession (see clauses)
“or” – introduces an alternative (in the second clause) אם . . . אמ – “whether . . . or” – introduces an alternative (in both first and
second clauses)

5
Q

בַּעֲבוּר

A

“(in order) that” – introduces a purpose

6
Q

ו

A
I) Simple WAW וְ
A) Coordinative "and"
B) Disjunctive  "but"
C) Alternative "or"
D) Explicative  "even"

2) Strong WAW (VC/PN) וַ
A) with preterite- simple past

7
Q

כִּי + Main Clause (2nd clause)

A

(A) Conditional – “if” – introduces the protasis of a condition
(B) Temporal – “when”
(C) Causal – “because
(D) Concessive – “though”

8
Q

Main Clause (1st) + כִּי

A

(A) Content marker – “that” – introduces an object clause after the following verbs ידע, שׁמע, ראה, שׁבע, נגד, זכר, אמן, and עוד.

(B) Causal – “because”

(C) Adversative (after a negative) – “but”

(D) Asseverative – “indeed, truly”

9
Q

כִּי אִם

A

(1) An emphasizing particle – “surely”
(2) A particle of exception after a negative – “but,” “only,” “except”

(RARELY- “for if”)

10
Q

לוּ

A

Conditional introducing unreal/hypothetical conditions – “if”

11
Q

לוּלֵי

A

Introduces a negative unreal/hypothetical condition – “if … not”

12
Q

לָכֵן

A

“therefore”

13
Q

לִמַעַן

A

Purpose – “in order that”

Result – “so that”

14
Q

פֶּן

A

“Lest” – introduces a negative purpose

15
Q

עַל–כֵּן

A

“Therefore” – introduces after the statement of grounds, a fact