Flashcards in Consitution Deck (76)
The 8th amendment considers torture to be ….
Cruel and unusual
Definition of veto override:
passing a bill by a 2/3 vote in both houses of Congress overrides (cancels) a President’s veto and a bill becomes a law despite the President’s disapproval
What does the 2nd amendment guarantee
right to bear arms
informal qualifications for pres
Foreign policy sending troops without declaration of war
What was the result of the Connecticut Compromise?
2 houses in congress one based on population and the other based on equal representation for all states
What does the 3rd amendment prohibit?
quatering of soldiers
qualifictaions for pres.
35 years of age, a resident "within the United States" for 14 years, and a "natural born Citizen,"
everyday roles of pres
(1) chief of state, (2) chief executive, (3) chief administrator, (4) chief diplomat, (5) commander in chief, (6) chief legislator, (7) party chief, and (8) chief citizen
In response to Shays Rebellion and interstate conflicts over trade and crime
Provides the fed. Govt. with the authority to preserve the peace
List the qualifications of the H.R.
at least 25, been a US citizen for the last 7 years, be a citizen of the state they represent
Who has power to declare war (which branch)
who are our PA senators?
Bob Casey, Jr. and Pat Toomey
# of articles and # of amendments
expressed powers of pres pt 2)
- Deliver a "State of the Union" report (message).
- Convene a special session of Congress
- Receive foreign ambassadors
- Propose legislation (necessary and expedient)
- Carry out the laws passed by Congress
qualifications for senator?
at least 30 U.S. citizenship (at least nine years); and residency in the state a senator represents at time of election.
What are the differences between the Constitution and the Articles of Confederation?
-The AOC called for unicameral and the Constitution called for bicameral
-AOC called for one vote per state and the constitution called for one vote per representative/senate
-aoc had 2-7 senators and con. had 2 reps from each state
What is the line of succession?
The succession follows the order of Vice President, Speaker of the House of Representatives, President pro tempore of the Senate, and then the heads of federal executive departments who form the Cabinet of the United States.
6 principles of consitution
seperation of powers
checks and balances
List the expressed powers of congress.
Article I, section 8, clause 3
Regulate trade with other nations between states
Allows the laws to keep pace with technological and economical changes
( borrow money coin money tax make laws and make war )
Power shared between federal and state governments
Powers of the fed. Govt are clearly stated in article I section 10
Powers reserved to the states are found in article I in the 10th amendment
how is an amendment ratified?
by 3/4 of the state legislatures.
How many members are in the House of Representatives?
What was the Constitutional Convention?
-1787, Philadelphia, to revise the Articles of Confederation
-James Madison was the father of the Constitution
which amendment gave black men the right to vote?
Provide for the well-being of all the people by collecting taxes and setting aside money for programs to benefit security
Which amendment protects a person from unlawful search and seizure?
expressed powers of pres (pt 3)
How is the number of congressional representatives from each state determined?
under article 1 section 2
How often a census must be taken, and how the information collected is used:
Census is taken every 10 years
Information determines representation in the House (which is based on population), helps in allocation of federal funds to the states, tracks population shifts over time; it is NOT used to locate and deport illegal immigrants