Flashcards in Aoc Deck (29)
Powers congress lacked under AOC
The congress couldn't pass taxes, had no trade/currency regulation each state, no matter its size, got one vote, 9 out of the
13 states are needed to pass the laws and all the states are needed to pass the laws. There was no executive branch to pass laws and there was no judicial branch to settle disputes. There was no unity (sectionalism).
Land issues with AOC before ratified
Structure of AOC
Powers of congress
They could borrow money, sell land, request money from the states, make foreign policy, settle state disputes, build and army/navy.
Congress could not regulate trade
Why: states rights
States would fight
States would coin own money
States would place tariffs on imports from other states
Eventually would lead to local economies suffering
Committee of states
an arm of the United States government, under the Articles of Confederation. The Committee consisted of one member from each state, and carried out the functions of government while the Congress of the Confederation was in recess.
3 types of government systems?
an accredited diplomat sent by a country as its official representative to a foreign country.
Unanimous vote required to amend articles
All 13 states agree to the Declaration and AOC
If all 13 agreed to these 2, then it should take all 13 to change AOC
Stuck with terrible governmental System
What does article 3 of the AOC state?
Each state forms a league of friendship for their common defense, security of their liberties, and their mutual and general welfare
Each state commits to defend each other against any attack
To ensure friendly relationships between people in different states anyone living in one state has the same rights as someone in another ( if someone charged as a criminal in one states runs away to another the givenrmt has the right to bring him back to first state, any official records and etc made in one state will be shared with others)
What does article vi say?
Cannot enter into an alliance or treaty
Cannot lay imposts or duties
Cannot engage in or start a war with a country without permission from congress
A state cannot maintain any warships, or other military forces (troops) during peacetime unless Congress has determined it necessary
Taxes issues with AOC before ratified?
1 vote per state
Why: So all states are equal and can maintain sovereignty
Force states to provided aid
Consider states before nation
Larger states interests not represented
Congress could not maintain standing army
Britain used the army to take away the rights of its citizens
Could not protect states against internal struggles
No president to enforce laws passed by congress
Why: did not want their liberties to be threatened
Checks and balances
States could refuse to obey laws that congress had passed
States had more power than the federal government
is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber. Thus, a unicameral parliament or unicameral legislature is a legislature which consists of one chamber or house.
No national court system
Court packing- place people in court who support your decision.
13 different interpretations of the law
13 different interpretations of punishment
9/13 required to pass state laws
Why: congress thought that if they got a majority of the states to agree, it would result in less conflict and more agreement between everyone. (ie better laws passed)
it was hard to get that many states to agree and therefore not a lot was passed.
Number of votes per state
1 vote per state
a system of political organization with a central supreme government which holds the authority over and makes the decisions for subordinate local governments.
Congress had no tax power
Did not like the british being able to tax
Want to avoid this system
Problem:made congress poor
A confederate system sits at the other extreme in terms of centralization. A confederacy is a loose relationship among a number of smaller political units.
the purchase, sale or exchange of commodities, transportation of people, money or goods, and navigation of waters between different states.
A group of nations or states, or a government encompassing several states or political divisions, in which the component states retain considerable independence.
=nation and states
a system that divides up power between a strong national government and smaller local governments.
How many problems did the AOC have?
Votes per state
Amount required to pass laws
Congress had no power to tax
Congress couldn't maintain standing army
Couldn't regulate trade
No pres to enforce laws congress passed
No national court system to hear cases
Unanimous vote to amend articles
Number of branches of government
legislative, bc they feared a tyrant would take over
declare war, appoint military officers, sign treaties, make alliances, appoint foreign ambassadors, and manage relations with Indians.