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Flashcards in Construct Relevance Notes Deck (26):
1

What is An unobservable entity that functions as a label or as a causal entity for a constellation of behaviors or of phenomena

Explanatory mechanism

Cannot be accessed or assessed directly

Construct

2

What describes how a construct is being measured?

Measurement

3

Describes how a construct or a variable is being manipulated

Experimental

4

Which behavior strategy is used to Increase the likelihood of a behavior occurring?

Reinforcement

5

Which behavior strategy is used to decrease the likelihood of a behavior occurring?

Punishment

6

Which behavior strategy refers to adding

Positive

7

Which behavior strategy refers to taking away/removing?

Negative

8

The addition (typically of a reward) to increase the likelihood of a behavior reoccurring

Positive Reinforcement

9

The removal of an adverse stimulus to increase the likelihood of a behavior reoccurring

Negative Reinforcement

10

An addition that decreases the likelihood of a behavior reoccurring?

Positive Punishment

11

A removal (typically of a reinforcer) that decreases the likelihood of a behavior reoccurring

Negative Punishment

12

When there is a huge spike in identifying a specific disability, what could be three of the likely causes?

changes in definition and assessment (diagnostic criteria), placement and construct.

13

How the examinee’s behavior differ from typical performance or from customary action is called....

Aberrant Behaviors

14

The performance, ability etc. collected on an examinee is called....

Examinee's Reflections

15

The type of scores in which the number of items scored as correct (from diagnostic and prescriptive perspective, often score with the least value) are called

Raw Scores

16

T/F: Raw scores are the most valuable and simplest to interpret.

False, it is often score with the least value and difficult to interpret.
For example, the examinee spelled 25 words correctly…without descriptions of the examinee, the task, and typical patterns of performance difficult to interpret

17

Scores based on performance relative to the reference group-– the standardization population

Standardized Scores

18

Collection of objects that share a set of attributes is called....

A population

19

Collection of individuals that share a set of attributes or a set of characteristics

Standardization population

20

The most common approach for comparing scores with the standardization population is the ________ score.

Standard

21

Epidemic means

something is causing it For example, for autism is was an operational definition, not an epidemic.

22

T/F Autism is positively correlated with EARLY screen exposure.

True

23

T/F SPED services are based upon needs not disability.

True, never provide services based upon disability, always on needs

24

T/F SPED services are based upon needs not disability.

True, never provide services based upon disability, always on needs

25

T/F the normal distribution was formed by Intelligence.

True intelligence formed normal distribution.

26

T/F A large debat in the definition of Intelligence involves recall vs. problem solve.

True, the debate is over recall vs. problem solving. I think it's a balance of the two!