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Flashcards in Contracts Deck (18)
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What must a contract contain?

Offer, Acceptance, Consideration, Proper form (oral or written), Legal subject matter, 2 Competent parties


What forms may acceptance of a contract take?

Can be written or oral Must be in the form/method required by offeror Must be mirror image - i.e. no changes in terms


Who can accept an offer?

Must be accepted by intended party (offeree) Acceptance can only be made by a party who knows an offer has been made and has all of the facts - AKA a meeting of the minds They must intend to accept


What happens if an offeree accepts a contract but puts added stipulations?

It is not acceptance; but instead becomes a counter-offer and the original offeror is now the offeree


When is an offeror bound by a contract?

When they RECEIVE the acceptance. If the offeree rejects; then accepts - whatever gets to the offeror first is what is binding.


What will void an offer?

If offeror dies or becomes insane before acceptance; offer is void. Contract is binding if acceptance occurs before death/insanity.


What actions or circumstances will revoke a contract?

Offeror revokes and offeree receives revocation Offeree finds out prior to acceptance that offeror has sold the item In the case of an Option; offeror cannot revoke until the time of the option has elapsed Initial rejection by offeree doesn't void the option.


What is an Option?

Some amount of consideration (like money) is put forth by offeror to keep the offer open for a stated period of time


What is a Requirements Contract? How are they limited?

These are contracts where someone becomes the exclusive provider of something in exchange for consideration Companies can't get locked in to one and then have market conditions force them to sell something at what has become an unreasonable price


What is promissory estoppel?

Promises to donate are legally enforceable Basically; you can't tell a charity; Hey; if you buy this $100;000 piece of land; I'll pay for the building that will go on it; and then renege on your promise


What can make a contract VOID?

Fraud in the execution Formed under extreme duress - extreme Illegal


What can make a contract VOIDABLE?

Fraud in the inducement Party not competent to contract Formed under SIMPLE duress Undue influence


What is the result of a clerical error in a contract?

The contract is unenforceable. Example: Person signs a contract to pay $500.00 to have their lawn re-seeded but due to clerical error; it actually reads $5000.00


Contracts under the Statute of Frauds must be in what form to be valid?

They must be in writing.


What makes a contract subject to the Statute of Frauds?

o Cannot be completed within one year o Involves the purchase of real estate o $500+ Sale of Goods o Co-signing and guaranteeing the debt of another


What is the parol evidence rule?

Prevents one party to a written contract from coming in after the fact and claiming that a certain conversation took place that conflicts with what is agreed upon in the written contract It also prevents using an oral argument to read into the meaning of what is written on paper If it's on paper; it trumps what was agreed-upon orally prior to the written contract Note: does not negate oral agreements made AFTER the contract or disallow oral words from clarifying ambiguous contract language.


What are the requirements for the assignment of a contract?

Contracts are assignable to a third party beneficiary; but must be done so in good faith Obligations may be assignable- Assignor is still liable Assignor may be released from liability if other party grants a novation


When can contracts be discharged by law?

Party under contract is bankrupt Party under contract dies or is incapacitated Party cannot physically complete the contract (i.e. They are in prison so can't finish building your house)