Controversy: Popularity - Dates Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Controversy: Popularity - Dates Deck (74):
1

Reich Ministry of Popular Enlightenment and Propaganda created, with Goebbels at its head

March 1933

2

Sopade (SPD movement in exile) founded

1933

3

Editor's Law calls for 'racially pure' journalism

October 1933

4

Plebiscite held to confirm one party rule in Germany (88% voted in favour)

November 1933

5

Beauty of Labour and Kraft lurch Freud (Strength through Joy) set up

November 1933

6

Marburg Speech

June 1934

7

Night of the Long Knives

June 1934

8

Law Concerning Measures for the Defence of the State (issued to justify the government's actions in the Night of the Long Knives)

July 1934

9

Death of President Hindenburg

August 1934

10

Plebiscite confirms Hitler as Hindenburg's successor and Fuhrer (89.8% supported it) (But 4 millions still voted against it)

August 1934

11

Hjalmar Schacht introduces the 'New Plan'

September 1934

12

Public launch of the Rearmament programme

1935

13

Himmler placed in overall control of policing in Germany

1936

14

Hermann Goring put in charge of the Office of the Four Year Plan

1936

15

Schacht resigns as Minister of Economics (disagreements over foreign policy)

November 1937

16

Blomberg-Fritsch Affair

January 1938

17

Hitler Youth Law (makes membership of Hitler Youth compulsory)

March 1939

18

Reich Security Head Office founded (centralises all security/terror in Third Reich)

September 1939

19

Sports Palace Speech in Berlin (Hitler outlined his intentions to destroy the 'Marxist threat'

February 1933

20

Emergency Decree for the Protection of People and State

28 February 1933

21

Reichstag Fire

27 February 1933

22

Emergency Decree for the Protection of People and State (took away all personal liberties and established the platform for dictatorship)

28 February 1933

23

Himmler (leader of SS) set up Dachau in Bavaria

March 1933

24

By this time, the Nazis controlled the parliamentary assemblies of all regions

April 1933

25

Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service (made legal the purge of areas of the civil service which had 'unreliable' political elements).

April 1933

26

Nazi Book Burning (burning the books of 'forbidden' authors in Berlin)

10 May 1933

27

Rohm contacts the Defence Minister, Blomberg, demanding that the SA be allowed to take over national defence (placed Hitler in a position to choose to support either the armed forces of the SA)

February 1934

28

Formation of the Security Service (SD) of the SS, under Heydrich

1931

29

Himmler placed in overall control of policing in Germany (he now controlled the security service - Sipo -, the regular police - Orpo - and the security police - SD).

1936

30

Law to Reduce Unemployment (introduced 'Arbeitdienst' - work schemes)

June 1933

31

Regime launched the 'Battle for Production' to increase gain production and help peasantry

1934-5

32

Regime introduced Conscription

1935

33

Hjalmar Schacht appointed as President of Reichsbank

May 1933

34

Hjalmar Schacht made Minister of Economics (and soon after introduces the 'New Plan'

1934

35

Schacht negotiates bilateral trade agreements with countries in South America and South-East Europe

1934

36

Schacht resigned (removal of a constraint within the party on radicalism)

1937

37

Trade Unions ransacked

2 May 1933 (day after May Day holiday)

38

The Hossbach Conference

November 1937

39

Hitler holds his last ever Cabinet meeting

February 1938

40

By this time, the Conservative establishments were very much tied to the regime

Mid-1930s

41

The Concordat signed

June 1933

42

Banning of crucifixes in schools

1935

43

Banning of Catholic Youth Groups

1936

44

Membership of the Hitler Youth was declared compulsory (in the 'Hitler Youth Law')

March 1939

45

Founding of the Adolf Hitler Schools (training the political leaders of the next generation)

1937

46

Creation of the Women's Front

May 1933

47

Nazis promise the creation of a Volksgemeinschaft

March 1935

48

Nazi autoban programme accelerates

1936

49

Remilitarisation of the Rhineland

March 1936

50

Anschluss with Austria

March 1938

51

Sudetenland crisis & Munich Conference (gives Sudetenland to Germany, with Hitler promising this will be his last territorial demand)

September 1938

52

Germany invades Czechoslovakia (last democracy in Central Europe is destroyed)

March 1939

53

Germany laucnhes Blitzkrieg on Poland

September 1939

54

SOPADE report documents that "everyone is afraid of saying a word too many and landing oneself in danger"

1938

55

Dates of the propaganda films (directed by Leni Rienfenstahl) 'Triumph of the Will' and 'Olympia'

1936
1938

56

Hitler buys the Volkischer Beobachter to circulate Nazi Anti-Semitic views (becomes the original propaganda organ of the Nazi Party)

1923

57

During this time, Germany had the largest radio audience in Europe (nearly 1 in 4 households had one)

1930s

58

By this year, the regime could broadcast to over 16 million Germans via radio

1939

59

In this time period, the state invested 5 billion Reichsmarks into Arbeitdienst programe (work schemes - trying to tackle unemployment)

1932-5

60

This period saw the collapse of agricultural prices - peasantry suffered

1929-33

61

'Battle for Production' launched (attempt to increase the production of grain due to Germany not having much foreign currency - not successful)

1934-5

62

Nazis created 6 million jobs for the unemployed in this year

1933

63

Between these years, unemployment in the working population decreased by 18.5%

1933 - 1936

64

Boycott of Jewish shops and businesses

April 1933

65

Rearmament is launched (expansion of army to 500,000, new Luftwaffe and Navy)

March 1935

66

Hitler takes over leadership of the Armed Forces

27 January 1938

67

Reichstag passes the 'Law Concerning Measures for the Defence of the State' (essentially legalising the NoLK)

3 July 1934

68

Hitler justifies his actions in the Night of the Long Knives to the Reichstag

13 July 1934

69

Goebbels's 'Extraordinary Radio Law' (outlawed the reception of foreign radio signals)

1939

70

Lebensborn programme launched

1935 (extended in 1939)

71

Honour Cross of German Motherhood introduced

1938

72

Marriage Law

1935

73

Women's Front set up by Robert Ley

1933

74

Launch of the People's Car

1938