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1

A scientific approach for discovering environmental variables that reliably influence socially significant behavior and for developing a technology of behavior change that is practical and applicable.

Applied Behavior Analysis

2

A systematic approach for seeking and organizing knowledge about the natural world.

Science

3

To achieve a thorough understanding of the phenomena under study. In ABA the phenomena are socially important behaviors.

Purpose of Science

4

Description Prediction Control

Dana Priya Can

Levels of Scientific Understanding

5

Systematic Observations that can be quantified and classified- NOT CASUAL OBSERVATION

Description

6

Two events may regularly occur at the same time
This does not mean one causes the other

Prediction

7

Functional Relation- THE HIGHEST LEVEL OF SCIENTIFIC UNDERSTANDING- experimental demonstration that manipulating 1 event (i.e., independent variable) results in the another event (i.e., dependent variable

Control

8

Determinism- Empiricism- Experimentation- Replication Parsimony- Philosophical Doubt

DEER PP

6 Attitudes of Science/ Philosophical Assumption of Behavior

9

Cause and Effect

Lawfulness If/then statements

The world is orderly and predictable

Determinism

10

FACTS.

Experimental, data-based scientific approach, drawing upon observation and experience.

Requires objective quantification and detailed description of events.

Empiricism

11

The basic of most sciences

Requires manipulating variables so as to see the effects on the Dependent Variable (DV)

An assessment to determine if 1 event caused another event.

Requires that all variables be controlled except the DV.

Experimentation (AKA: Experimental Analysis)

12

Repeating Experiments.

The method that scientists use to determine the reliability and usefulness of their findings.

How scientists discover their mistakes, this making science a self correcting enterprise.

Replication

13

The simplest theory

All simple and logical explanations must be ruled out before considering more complex explanations.

Helps scientists fit findings within the fields existing knowledge base.

Parsimony

14

Having healthy skepticism and a critical eye about the results of studies and your work with clients.

Philosophical Doubt

15

Behavioral, Applied, Technological, Conceptually Systematic, Analytical, Generality, Effective

BATCAGE = 7 dimensions of ABA

16

Defined by Baer, Wolf, and Risley (1968)

HINT: GRIZZLY BEAR WOLF

1ST published in JABA in 1968

7 DIMENSIONS OF ABA

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1st dimension of ABA

Observable; the behavior that one chooses must be behavior in need of improvement

Must be measurable

Behavioral

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2nd dimension of ABA

Improves SOCIALLY SIGNIFICANT BEHAVIORS

Helps others (parents, peers, employers) in clients life and improves everyday life of client

Applied

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3rd dimension of ABA

Defines procedures clearly and in detail so they are REPLICABLE (like a recipe)

Technological

20

4th dimension of ABA

All procedures used should be tied to the basic principles of behavior analysis from which they were derived.

Conceptually Systematic

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5th dimension of ABA

A FUNCTIONAL RELATIONSHIP IS IS DETERMINED
Describes when the experimenter has demonstrated a functional relation between the manipulated events and a reliable change in some measurable dimension of the targeted behavior.

Ultimate issue is BELIEVABILITY; Is the experimental control

Analytical

(aka: Functional Relation, Experimentation, Control, Causation)

22

6th dimension of ABA

Extends behavior change across time, settings, or other behaviors

Generality

(aka: generalization)

23

7th dimension of ABA

Improves behavior in a practical manner, not simply making a change this is statistically significant

Effective

24

1. Hypothetical Construct
2. Explanation Fiction
3. Circular Reasoning

Mentalism Terminology

25

An approach to explaining behavior that assumes an inner dimension exists and causes behavior.

Examples: Freud, talk therapy, LMFT, LCSW

Mentalism

aka (Spiritual, psychic, subjective, feelings, Attitudes, processing)

26

The philosophy of the science of behavior
Environmental (i.e., not mentalistic) explanation of behavior.

Behaviorism

27

CASE

Conceptual Analysis of Behavior
ABA
Behavior Service Delivery
Experimental Analysis of Behavior

4 Branches of Behavior Analysis

28

Respondent conditioning with dogs
1906 published first studies

Pavlov & Classical Conditioning