Coping mechanisms Flashcards Preview

Psych FA > Coping mechanisms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Coping mechanisms Deck (20):
1

Acting out

Expressing unacceptable feelings and thoughts through actions

2

Denial

Avoiding awareness of a painful reality

3

Displacement

Redirecting emotions or impulses to a neutral person or object.

Get yelled at by your boss so you come home and yell at your wife.

4

Dissociation

Temporary drastic change in personality, memory, consciousness, or behavior to avoid emotional stress.

Often with no memory of traumatic event.

A sexual abuse victim going numb and silent when confronted to her abuser.

5

Fixation

Partially and intentionally behaving more childishly.

A surgeon throwing a tantrum because his case ran long.

vs. regression which is involuntary

6

Idealization

Only expressing positive thoughts and ignoring negative ones

7

Identification

Unconsciously (mostly) taking on traits of another person or group.

Wearing your stethoscope the same way as another doctor you admire.

8

Intellectualization

Only focusing on facts and ignoring the emotion of a situation.

A cancer patient only talking about survival rates

9

Isolation

(of affect)

Separating feelings from an event.

Describing a murder or patient death in detail with no emotional response

10

Passive aggression

Showing anger in a non-confrontational manner.

Showing up late because your mad at your boss.

11

Projection

Attributing an unacceptable internal impulse of your own to someone else.

Accusing your wife of wanting to cheat on you because you want to.

12

Rationalization

Proclaiming a logical reason for something done for other reasons, usually to avoid blaming yourself.

After getting fired saying you only got fired because the job wasn't important

13

Reaction formation

Replacing a warded off feeling with the emphasis on its opposite

A patient with sexual thoughts enters a monastery

14

Regression

Involuntarily going back to an immature state (vs fixation which is temporarily and partially going back)

A child that is sick or being punished starts bedwetting again.

15

Repression

Involuntarily avoiding an idea or feeling.
An adult being unable to remember going to therapy during his parents divorce when he was a kid.

vs suppression which is voluntary and temporary

16

Splitting

Intolerance of ambiguity. People are either all good or all evil at different times.
Common in borderline personality disorder.

Patient says all the nurses are mean but all the doctors are friendly.

17

Sublimation

mature defense

Replacing an unnacceptable desire with one that is similar but allowed.

An angry teenager takes his anger out in sports

18

Altruism

mature defense

Alleviating negative feelings by unsolicited genrosity.

A gangster donates a bunch to charity.

19

Suppression

mature defense

Intentionally holding back feelings or thoughts about something until the appropriate time.

Not worrying about the big game until its time to play

20

Humor

mature defense

Med student joking about the boards.