Flashcards in Various disorders Deck (22):
Repetitive behavior violating the rights of others and violating societal norms.
Only for ages under 18
After 18 it is antisocial personality disorder.
Oppositional defiant disorder
Continual hostile and defiant behavior specifically towards authority figures, but doesn't seriously break social norms.
Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder
Onset before age 10
Severe recurrent temper outbursts, constant anger and irritation.
Vulnerable child syndrome
Parents percieve their child as super vulnerable, usually after something traumatic, and are hyper protective
What are the mood disorders
MDD, Bipolar, Dysthymic, and cyclothymic disorder
Chronic, lasting >6 months
Must have at least one of:
3: disorganized speed
and at least 2 total, including these as well:
4: Disorganized or catatonic behavior
5: Negative symptoms - flat affect, avolition, anhedonia, asociality, alogia
Can present with ventriculomegaly on brain imaging.
Increased suicide risk.
Teenage cannabis use increases schizophrenia in teens.
Brief psychotic disorder
lasts less than 1 month
Lasts between 1 and 6 months
Schizophrenia plus a major mood disorder = schizoaffective disorder
defined by having a period of at least 2 weeks of ONLY the psychotic symptoms WITHOUT any major mood episodes.
Major mood disorder with psychotic features
Schizophrenia plus Major mood disorder, but the major mood disorder is always present, no periods of >2 weeks with only psychosis.
Fixed false beliefs lasting > 1 month.
Functioning otherwise normal.
Delusional disorder can be shared among people in a very close relationship - folie a deux.
Lasts at least 1 week.
Needs at least 3 of these: DIG FAST
Flight of ideas
increased Agitation and goal directed Activity
less need for Sleep
Talkativeness, pressured speech.
Lasts at least 4 days. Elevated mood but not as high as mania. No psychotic features or no super significant impairment in social or work obligations.
Depresion with atypical features
Can experience some improved mood, but only briefly.
Has hypersomnia and hyperphagia instead of insomnia and no appetite.
Long standing rejection sensitivity.
Normal feelings of denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance (doesn't have to be in order)
Lasts less than 6 months.
Pathologic grief causes functional impairment.
Recurrent attacks with at least FOUR of these:
dePersonalization or derealization
Intense fear of dying
Intense fear of going crazy or losing control
Increased risk of suicide.
lasts at least 6 months.
Person is aware the fear is excessive.
1) Social anxiety disorder - fear of embarrassment in social situations
2) Agoraphobia. fear of AT LEAST TWO specific situations. closed spaces, lines, crowds, public transport, etc. only some patients refuse to leave home not all.
Obsessive compulsive disorder
Recurring intrusive thoughts, feelings, or sensations (OBSESSIONS) that CAUSE DISTRESS
The stress is relieved in part by performing repetitive actions (COMPULSIONS).
It is Ego-dystonic. ie, it is against or not related to what the person actually believes, but he has the obsessions anyway.
Body dysmorphic disorder
Preocuppation with minor or imagined flaws in appearance.
Patients often seek cosmetic treatments.
Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder
The person is obsessed with order and perfection and things that ARE in line with what they believe. it is ego-Syntonic.
Lasts at least 1 month
Reexperiencing of the event