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Flashcards in Corporate Taxation Deck (33)
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1

How is shareholder basis calculated for a new interest in a Corporation?

Adjusted basis of property transferred + Gain recognized (if less than 80% ownership) - Boot received = Shareholder basis. If shareholders have 80% control after a property transfer, no taxable event occurs. If liabilities exceed basis on contributed property to a Corporation, a gain is recognized.

2

Describe how loss is taken on Section 1244 small business Corporation stock?

A loss on worthless stock is an ordinary loss.

3

What are the requirements for taking an ordinary loss on Section 1244 small business Corporation stock?

Taxpayer must be original stock owner, and either an individual or partnership

$50k (single) or $100k (MFJ) limit - remainder is a capital loss

Must have been issued in exchange for money or property (not exchanged for services)

Only applies to the first $1 million of stock.

Both common and preferred stock is allowed

4

How are gains and losses handled with respect to a Corporation's transactions involving its own stock?

Corporations have no gain/(loss) from transactions involving their own stock, including Treasury Stock.

If Corporation gets property in exchange for stock, there is no gain/(loss) on the transaction.

5

How are Corporate organization costs handled?

Amortization of costs begin the month the Corporation commences business activity

If the Corporation doesn't amortize organization costs in year one, they can never be amortized

Costs associated with offerings are neither deductible nor amortized

6

How are excess charitable contributions treated in a C-Corporation?

Excess charitable contributions get carried forward 5 consecutive years (No Carryback)

7

When can a board of directors authorize charitable contributions for a tax year?

The Board of Directors can authorized charitable contributions up to 4/15 and have them count in the previous tax year

8

How is the dividends received deduction (DRD) calculated, and what are the limitations?

80% Interest = 100% DRD

20-79% = 65% DRD

less than 20% = 50% DRD

Only allowed if no consolidated return is filed. Qualified dividends from domestic Corporations only.

9

How are Corporate losses on a sale to a Corporation where a taxpayer owns a 50% or more interest handled in a C-Corporation?

A loss on a sale to a Corporation where taxpayer owns a 50% or more interest is disallowed

10

How are capital losses handled in a C-Corporation?

Capital Losses are deductible only to the extent of Capital Gains

11

How are capital gains taxed in a C-Corporation?

Capital Gains are taxed at ordinary income rates

12

How are Corporate losses carried back/forward?

Corporations can carry back losses 3 years and carry forward losses 5 years as a STCL

13

How are bad debt losses handled in a Corporation?

Bad debt losses are classified as ordinary

14

What is the casualty loss floor for a C-Corporation?

No floor on Corporate casualty loss like there is with an individual taxpayer

If destroyed, the loss is the property's basis (minus proceeds)

Calculation: Adjusted basis - Proceeds from Insurance = Loss

If partially destroyed, take the lesser of FMV or adjusted basis reduction (minus proceeds)

15

How is investment interest expense handled in a C-Corporation?

Unlike individual taxation, investment interest expense is not limited to investment income.

Investment interest on tax-free investments are NOT deductible.

16

What is the purpose of Schedule M-2 on a Corporate tax return? How is it calculated?

Reconciles beginning to ending retained earnings

Beginning Unappropriated Retained Earnings
+ Net Income
+ Other Increases
- Dividends paid
- Other decreases
= Ending Unappropriated Retained Earnings

17

What is the purpose of Schedule M-3 on a Corporate tax return?

Like M1, but for Corporations with $10M+ in assets

18

How are affiliated (80%) Corporation tax returns handled?

Consolidation election is binding going forward

Dividends between them are eliminated, Advantage- Gains are deferred, Disadvantage- losses are deferred.

One accumulated earnings tax allowed

Note: In order to consolidate, the parent must have 80% voting power and own 80% of the stock value

19

How are Corporate distributions to shareholders handled?

Distribution is a dividend to the extent of current accumulated earnings and profits (ordinary income)

Then, remainder (if any) is a return of basis. Then, add'l remainder (if any) is a Capital Gain

Distribution amount = FMV of Property + Cash - Liability Assumed

Shareholder basis = FMV of Property + Cash received (basis not reduced by the attached liability)

20

What is the order of treatment in a Corporation's distribution to a shareholder?

1. Distribution is a dividend to the extent of current and accumulated earnings and profits

2. Shareholder basis is then exhausted

3. Remainder, if any, is a Capital Gain

21

What is the treatment of a gain in a complete Corporate liquidation?

If Capital Property, then Capital Gain

If Non-Capital Property, then Ordinary Income

Gain characterization is the same for both the Corporation and the shareholder

22

What is the treatment of a loss in a complete Corporate liquidation?

Corporation: Depends on if property is capital in nature, otherwise ordinary loss

Individual: capital loss only

23

What is the treatment of the liquidation of a subsidiary?

No G/L to parent company

24

What is a consent dividend? How is it treated?

Consented by the Board of Directors but not yet paid

Treat as if distributed by the end of the year

25

Describe the requirements for a personal holding company.

No banks or financial institutions can be PHCs

5 or fewer individuals own more than 50% of the stock

60% of the PHC's income must be from passive means

PHC tax is self-assessing - 20% tax rate on undistributed PHC Income

26

How is Corporate accumulated earnings tax (AET) different from PHC taxation?

Not Self-Assessing like a PHC

27

How is the accumulated earnings credit calculated for a Corporation?

Take greater of $250,000 ($150,000 for Service Corps) or the legitimate balance based on future needs (i.e. purchasing a building)

28

What are the requirements for holding S-Corporation status?

Only individuals, estates and trusts can be shareholders

Domestic only, no international S-corps or foreign shareholders

Up to 100 shareholders allowed, and only one class of stock allowed

Calendar tax year only

29

How is an S-Corporation election made?

Election for S Corp status must be made by 3/15 and counts as being an S Corp since the beginning of the year

To make election, 100% of the shareholders must consent

30

How is an S-Corporation terminated?

To terminate election, 50% of the shareholders must consent

No S Corp election allowed for 5 years after termination

S Corp termination effective immediately following an act that terminates status