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Flashcards in Corporations Deck (16):
1

Business Judgment Rule

In the absence of FRAUD, ILLEGALITY, or SELF-DEALING, a court will not disturb the good-faith judgment of the directors or officers.

2

Duty of Care - Standard

Directors and officers must use the care a person in a like position would reasonably believe appropriate under similar circumstances.

3

Duty of Care - Entitled to rely on the expertise and reports of?

1. Officers and other employees
2. Outside experts AND
3. Committee of the Board of Directors

4

Duty of Loyalty - Standard

Directors and officers cannot receive unfair benefits to the detriment of the corporation unless they effectively DISCLOSE and OBTAIN RATIFICATION of those benefits.

5

Self-Dealing Transaction

When director / officer / relative receives compensation directly from corporation

6

Corporate Opportunity

When director / officer prevents money from coming into the corporation

7

Avoid Liability from Self-Dealing Transaction or Pursuing Corporate Opportunity

1. Approval by majority disinterested board members
2. Approval by majority disinterested shareholders OR
3. Court concludes transaction was fair

8

Annual Meeting

Every corporation required to hold one every year at which shareholders elect directors and conduct other shareholder business

9

Special Meeting

May be called to vote on fundamental corporate changes

10

Notice for Special Meeting

No fewer than 10 days; no more than 60 days before meeting
Must give date, time, location, and purpose of meeting
Attendance waives notice requirement

11

Record Date

Date determines which shareholders are eligible to vote even if they subsequently sold shares
Set no fewer than 10 days; no more than 70 days before meeting

12

Alternative to Shareholder Meeting

Unanimous written consent by shareholders

13

Requirements for Proxy Voting

1. In writing
2. Signed by shareholder
3. Sent to secretary of corporation
4. Authorization by shareholder to vote shares AND
5. Valid for no more than 11 months (unless otherwise specified)

14

Distribution

When corporation removes profit from corporation and gives it to shareholder

15

Prohibited from distributing?

Board cannot declare dividend if
1. corporation is insolvent OR
2. declaring dividend would make corporation insolvent

16

Liability from Unlawful Dividend

Directors who vote to authorize an unlawful dividend in violation of their fiduciary duties are PERSONALLY LIABLE, jointly and severally, to the corporation in the amount in excess of the lawful amount