Corpsman Manual Ch 18 Pharmacy (meds) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Corpsman Manual Ch 18 Pharmacy (meds) Deck (39):
1

Name the astringents

Aluminum acetate solution (Burow's solution, domeboro)
Calamine, zinc oxide, glycerin and bentonite magma in calcium hydroxide

2

Name the Emollients

Theobroma oil (coca butter)
Petrolatum (petroleum jelly)
Zinc Oxide

3

What class of medication is made of brochomucotropic agents?

Expectorants

4

What class of medications is made from agents that inhibit or suppress the act of coughing?

Antitussives

5

What is the generic name for Robitussin DM?

Guaifenesin and dextromethorphan

6

What is the generic name for Robitussin AC?

Guaifenesin and codeine phosphate

7

What is the generic name for Actifed?

Pseudoephedrine Hydrochloride and Triprolidine Hydrochloride

8

List the antihistamines

Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride (Benadryl)
Chlorpheniramine Maleate (Chlor-Trimeton)
Meclizine Hydrochloride (Antivert, Bonine)
Dimenhydrinate (Dramamine)

9

What antihistamine may be used to control nausea with radiation sickness?

Dimenhydrinate (dramamine)

10

What antihistamine is used in the symptomatic treatment of urticaria?

Chlorpheniramine Maleate

11

List the Histamine H2 Receptor Antagonists

Cimetidine (tagamet)
Ranitidine (Zantac)

12

List the antacids

Magnesium Hydroxide (Milk of Magnesia)
Aluminum Hydroxide Gel (Amphojel)
Alumina and Magnesia oral suspension (Maalox)

13

What condition can prolonged use of Magnesium Hydroxide result in?

Kidney stones

14

What bacteriostatic cleansing agent is a neurotoxin agent and must not be used on premature infants, denuded skin, burns, or mucous membranes?

Hexachlorophene (pHisoHex)

15

What germicide is routinely used to cleanse pus-producing wounds and is used in the treatment of NUG?

Hydrogen peroxide

16

What is silver nitrate most commonly used for?

Cauterize mucous membranes
To treat aphthous ulcers

17

What is the most common side affect of silver nitrate?

It leaves a black mark on the area it was used on

18

List the Sulfonamides

Sulfisoxazole (Gantrisin)
Trimethoprim and Sufamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra)
Sulfacetamide sodium
Silver Sulfadizine (Silvadene cream)

19

List the Penicillins

Penicillin G, Aqueous
Penicillin G Benazathine (Bicillin LA)
Penicillin G Procaine, Aqueous (Wycillin)
Penicillin V Potassium (Pen-Vee K, Beatpen-VK, V-Cillin K)
Dicloxacillin Sodium (Dynapen)
Ampicillin (Polycillin)
Amoxicillin (Amoxil)
Amoxicillin and Clavulanate potassium (Augmentin)

20

List the cephalosporins

Cefazolin sodium (Ancef, Kefzol)
Cephalexin (Keflex)
Cefprozil (Cefzil)

21

Why is the administration of tetracyclines contraindicated in pregnant females and children?

It discolors teeth and suppresses bone marrow growth

22

List the tetracyclines

tetracycline hydrochloride (Achromycin, Sumycin)
Doxycycline Hyclate (Vibramycin)
Minocycline Hydrochloride (Minocin)

23

What can Sulisoxazole (Gantrisin) be used to treat?

UTI and Acute Otiits media

24

What can Trimethoprim and Sufamethoxazole (Bactrim,Septra) be used to treat?

UTI and Otitis Media

25

What can Sulfacetamid Sodium (sudium sulamyd, Bleph-10) be used to treat?

Conjuctivitis and corneal ulcers

26

What can PCN G Aqueous be used to treat?

Meniingococcal meningitis, anthrax, and gonorrhea

27

What can PCN G, Benazathine (bicillin) be used to treat?

syphilis, URI caused by Streptococcal group A

28

What can PCN V be used to treat?

URI, otitis media, sinusitis, bacterial endocarditis, mild staph infection, also drug of choice for GABHS

29

What can Ammpicillin (Polycillin) be used to treat?

Shigella, salmonella, escherichia coli and gonorrhea

30

What can Amoxicillin and Clavulanate (augmentin) be used to treat?

sinusitis, PNA, ear infections, bronchitis, UTI and infections of the skin

31

List the Aminoglycosides

Gentamicin Sulfate
Tobramycin sulfate(nebcin)
Neomycin sulfate

32

What is Erythromycin used for?

gonorrhea, uncomplicated urethral, endocervical and anal infections; early syphilis and diarrhea associated with campylobacter enteritis. Also used as prophylactic prior to colorectal surgery

33

List the Macrolides

Erythromycin
Clindamycin
Vancomycin
Azithromycin

34

What is azithromycin used for?

community aquired PNA, Otitis media, infections of the skin structure, STDs, chancroid and bacterial sinusitis

35

What is metronidazole (flagyl) used to treat?

amebiasis and trichmonoacide

36

what is the drug of choice for pinworm and roundworm infestations?

mebendazole

37

What is Pyrantel pamoate(Antiminth) used to treat?

hookworm, roundworm, pinworm and whipworm

38

What is the drug of choice in treating acute malarial attacks?

Chloroquine phosphate

39

In what patient is primaquine phosphate contraindicated in?

G6PD deficient personnel