Hospital Corpsman Ch 18 Pharmacy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Hospital Corpsman Ch 18 Pharmacy Deck (60):
1

What term describes the branch of pharmacology dealing with bilogical, biochemical and echonimic features of natural medications and their constituent?

Pharmacognosy

2

What term describes the branch of pharmacology dealing with the preparation, dispensing and proper use of medications?

Pharmacy

3

What is the study of the dosages of medicines and medications?

Posolgy

4

What is the study of the action or effects of medications on living organisms?

Pharmacodynamics

5

What term describes the study of the uses of medications in the treatment of disease?

Pharmacotherapeutics

6

What term describes the study of poisons, their actions, their detection and the treatment of the conditions produed by them?

Toxicology

7

What term describes the science of treating disease by any method that will relieve pain, treat or cure disease and ifections, or prolong life?

Therapeutics

8

What text sets the standards for the quality, purity, strength, and consistency and provides standards for medications on therapeutic usefulness and pharmaceutical necessity?

United States Pharmacopeia and National Formulary (USP-NF)

9

What federal Act deisgnated the USP-NF as teh official reference for medications marketed in the United States?

U.S. Federal Food, Medication, and Cosmetics Act

10

Waht text is a comprehensive medication information reference that is organized by therapeutic medication class?

Drug Facts and Comparisons

11

What text is an easy to use reference for clinicans and healthcare providers seeking quick and concise medication information?

Drug information handbook

12

What is the most widely used text/reference in American Pharmacies?

Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy

13

What text is known as the "blue bible" of pharmacology?

Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy

14

What term describes the amount of medication to be administered?

Dose

15

What term describes the study of dosage and the criteria that influences it?

posology

16

What term describes the range between the minimum and maximum amounts of a given medication required to produce the desired effect?

Dosage Range

17

What term describes the largest amount of medication that can be given without reaching the toxic effect?

Maximum dose

18

What term describes the normal adult dose?

Therapeutic dose

19

What term describes the least amount of medication that can prodcue death?

Minimum lethal dose

20

What are the two primary factors that determine or influence the dosage of a medication??

Age
Weight

21

What is the most common factor that influences the amount of medication to be given?

Age

22

What has a more direct bearing on the dose than any other factor?

Weight

23

What is the rule governing calculation of pediatric doses by age?

Young's Rule

24

What is Young's Rule?

age in years/age in years +12 x adult = child's dose

25

What is the rule governing calculating pediatric dose by weight?

weight in lbs/150 x adult dose = child's dose

26

What are some "other" factors that influence dosage?

Sex Frequency of admin
Race Mode of Amin
Occupaiton
Hapitual use
Time of adminsitration

27

What are the advantatges of oral medications?

Convenient
Cheaper
Do not have to be sterile or pure
Wide variety of dosage

28

What are the disadvantages of oral medications?

Patients may have difficult swallowing
Absorbed too slowly
Can be destroyed in digestive sytem

29

How many times are Parenteral solutions examined before they are ultimately used?

Three
1. Upon receiving the solution
2. Periodically while is storage
3. Immediately preceding use

30

What are the methods of Parenteral adminstration?

Subcutaneous
Intradermal
Intramuscular
Intravenous
Inrathecal or Intraspinal

31

What are the three types of Inhalation medication administration?

Vaporization
Gas Inhalation
Nebulization

32

What are the two purposes topical medications serve?

Local effect
Systemic effect

33

What are the "rights" of medication adminstration?

Right patient
Right medication
Right dose
Right route
Right time
Right Documentation

34

Whats the classification for medications that are grouped according to their source whether animal, vegatable, or minderal in orgin?

General

35

Whats the classification for medications that are grouped by their chemical characteristics?

chemical

36

What the classification for medications that are grouped according to their action on the body?

Therapeutic (pharmacological)

37

What type of medication "name" relates to the chemical and molecular structures?

Chemcial name

38

What type of medication "name" is often derived from the chemical name?

Generic name

39

What type of medication "name" is the proprietary name given by the manufactuer?

Brand name (trade name)

40

What class of medication cause shrinkage of the skin and mucous membranes?

Astringents

41

What is the generic name for Burrow's solution or Domeboro?

Aluminum acetate solution

42

What class of medications is mainly used to stop seepage from mucous membranes?

Astringents

43

How is aluminum acetate usually used?

As a wet to dry dressing for the relief of inflammatory conditions of the skin, such as athlete's foot, poison ivy, swelling, external otitis, bruises and insect bites

44

What is the brand name for Theobroma oil?

cocoa butter

45

What class of medications are bland or fatty substance that may be applied to the skin to make it more pliable and soft?

Emollients

46

What is a good emollient that provides a highly occlusive protective barrier?

Petrolatum (petroleum jelly)

47

What class of medication is known as brochomucotropic agents?

Expectorants

48

What medications assist in the removal of secretions or exudates from the trachea, bronchi or lungs?

Expectorants

49

What class of medication inhibit or suppress the act of coughing?

Antitussives

50

What is the generic name for Robitussin DM?

guaifenesin and dextromethorphan

51

What medication is synthetic non-narcotic derivative of codeine and acts as an antitussive?

dextromethorphan

52

What is the generic name for Robitussin AC?

Guaifenesin and codeine phosphate

53

What is the generic name for Actifed?

Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride and Triprolidine hydrochloride

54

What class of medication is triprolidine hydrochloride?

Antihistamine

55

What is the gerneric name for Mucinex D?

Guaifenesin and Pseudoeephedrine

56

What are some uses for diphenhydamine?

acitve and prophylacit treatment of motion sickness
nightime sleep aid
Uticaria
Allergic rhinits

57

What antihistamine is given to prevent and treat nausea, vomiting and dizziness of motion sickness and has a longer duration than benadryl?

Meclizine

58

What are some brand names for meclizine?

Antivert
Bonine

59

What antihistamine may also be used to control nausea and vomiting in connection with radiation sickness?

Dimenhydrinate(Dramamine)

60

What is the generic name for Dramamine?

Dimenhydrinate