Flashcards in Hospital Corpsman Ch 18 Pharmacy Deck (60):
What term describes the branch of pharmacology dealing with bilogical, biochemical and echonimic features of natural medications and their constituent?
What term describes the branch of pharmacology dealing with the preparation, dispensing and proper use of medications?
What is the study of the dosages of medicines and medications?
What is the study of the action or effects of medications on living organisms?
What term describes the study of the uses of medications in the treatment of disease?
What term describes the study of poisons, their actions, their detection and the treatment of the conditions produed by them?
What term describes the science of treating disease by any method that will relieve pain, treat or cure disease and ifections, or prolong life?
What text sets the standards for the quality, purity, strength, and consistency and provides standards for medications on therapeutic usefulness and pharmaceutical necessity?
United States Pharmacopeia and National Formulary (USP-NF)
What federal Act deisgnated the USP-NF as teh official reference for medications marketed in the United States?
U.S. Federal Food, Medication, and Cosmetics Act
Waht text is a comprehensive medication information reference that is organized by therapeutic medication class?
Drug Facts and Comparisons
What text is an easy to use reference for clinicans and healthcare providers seeking quick and concise medication information?
Drug information handbook
What is the most widely used text/reference in American Pharmacies?
Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy
What text is known as the "blue bible" of pharmacology?
Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy
What term describes the amount of medication to be administered?
What term describes the study of dosage and the criteria that influences it?
What term describes the range between the minimum and maximum amounts of a given medication required to produce the desired effect?
What term describes the largest amount of medication that can be given without reaching the toxic effect?
What term describes the normal adult dose?
What term describes the least amount of medication that can prodcue death?
Minimum lethal dose
What are the two primary factors that determine or influence the dosage of a medication??
What is the most common factor that influences the amount of medication to be given?
What has a more direct bearing on the dose than any other factor?
What is the rule governing calculation of pediatric doses by age?
What is Young's Rule?
age in years/age in years +12 x adult = child's dose
What is the rule governing calculating pediatric dose by weight?
weight in lbs/150 x adult dose = child's dose
What are some "other" factors that influence dosage?
Sex Frequency of admin
Race Mode of Amin
Time of adminsitration
What are the advantatges of oral medications?
Do not have to be sterile or pure
Wide variety of dosage
What are the disadvantages of oral medications?
Patients may have difficult swallowing
Absorbed too slowly
Can be destroyed in digestive sytem
How many times are Parenteral solutions examined before they are ultimately used?
1. Upon receiving the solution
2. Periodically while is storage
3. Immediately preceding use
What are the methods of Parenteral adminstration?
Inrathecal or Intraspinal
What are the three types of Inhalation medication administration?
What are the two purposes topical medications serve?
What are the "rights" of medication adminstration?
Whats the classification for medications that are grouped according to their source whether animal, vegatable, or minderal in orgin?
Whats the classification for medications that are grouped by their chemical characteristics?
What the classification for medications that are grouped according to their action on the body?
What type of medication "name" relates to the chemical and molecular structures?
What type of medication "name" is often derived from the chemical name?
What type of medication "name" is the proprietary name given by the manufactuer?
Brand name (trade name)
What class of medication cause shrinkage of the skin and mucous membranes?
What is the generic name for Burrow's solution or Domeboro?
Aluminum acetate solution
What class of medications is mainly used to stop seepage from mucous membranes?
How is aluminum acetate usually used?
As a wet to dry dressing for the relief of inflammatory conditions of the skin, such as athlete's foot, poison ivy, swelling, external otitis, bruises and insect bites
What is the brand name for Theobroma oil?
What class of medications are bland or fatty substance that may be applied to the skin to make it more pliable and soft?
What is a good emollient that provides a highly occlusive protective barrier?
Petrolatum (petroleum jelly)
What class of medication is known as brochomucotropic agents?
What medications assist in the removal of secretions or exudates from the trachea, bronchi or lungs?
What class of medication inhibit or suppress the act of coughing?
What is the generic name for Robitussin DM?
guaifenesin and dextromethorphan
What medication is synthetic non-narcotic derivative of codeine and acts as an antitussive?
What is the generic name for Robitussin AC?
Guaifenesin and codeine phosphate
What is the generic name for Actifed?
Pseudoephedrine hydrochloride and Triprolidine hydrochloride
What class of medication is triprolidine hydrochloride?
What is the gerneric name for Mucinex D?
Guaifenesin and Pseudoeephedrine
What are some uses for diphenhydamine?
acitve and prophylacit treatment of motion sickness
nightime sleep aid
What antihistamine is given to prevent and treat nausea, vomiting and dizziness of motion sickness and has a longer duration than benadryl?
What are some brand names for meclizine?
What antihistamine may also be used to control nausea and vomiting in connection with radiation sickness?