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Flashcards in Correlative Structures - 2 Deck (11):
0

'no sooner ....... than'
No sooner does the wet season arrive than those roads are covered in water

begitu
Begitu musim hujan tiba, jalan itu tertutup air

1

the more ...... the more
increasingly

- The older Ali gets the more arrogant he becomes
- The older that person gets the richer he becomes

makin ......... makin; semakin ......... semakin
kian .............. kian; tambah ......... tambah

- Ali makin besar makin sombong
- Orang itu tambah tua tambah kaya

2

long (of time)
Such constructions indicate that the degree of the adjective in the second clauses increases as time goes on.

- (As time goes on) Ali is getting thinner and thinner

lama

- Ali makin lama makin kurus

3

'day' can replace 'lama' ,
in this construction also meaning 'long (of time)

- That group is getting stronger and stronger (as time goes on)

hari

- Golongan itu bertambah hari bertambah kuat

4

The two clauses can have different subjects; each subject usually occurs after its predicate:

- The higher the position of a person, the more problems he faces
- The greater a person's suffering, the closer he comes to God

- Makin tinggi pangkat orang, makin banyak persoalan yang dihadapinya

- Kian berat penderitaan seseorang, kian dekat ia pada Tuhan.

5

The correlative relationship may be between adverbs of manner or other adjuncts within two clauses, rather than between predicates.

- The more frequently they meet the more frequently they quarrel
- The longer people live in a big city the more reluctant they are to return to the village

- Makin sering mereka bertemu, makin sering mereka bertengkar

- Makin lama orang tinggal di kota besar, makin enggan mereka kembali ke desa.

6

although ....... nevertheless

- Although he has many rice fields, nevertheless the pleasures of life are few.

meskipun ........... namun

- Meskipun sawahnya banyak, namun kenikmatan hidup sedikit

7

although ....... nevertheless

- Although his contribution doesn't amount too much, nevertheless he has a role in this giant project

biarpun ....... namun

- Biarpun sumbangannya tidak seberapa, namun dia mempunyai peranan dalam proyek raksasa ini.

8

Instead of 'namun', the second clause can begin with 'toh' nevertheless.

- Although Suryaman's explanation was loud, toh terasa kurang meyakinkan
- Although it was raining heavily, Amat went anyway
- Despite being sick, nevertheless these children go to school anyway.

- Meski keterangan Suryaman seru, toh terasa kurang meyakinkan

- Meskipun hujan lebat, si Amat pergi juga

- Meskipun sakit, namun anak-anak ini toh sekolah juga

9

it's better that ......... rather than

- Rather than die of hunger it's better that we move
- It's better that they just surrender rather than fight

Lebih baik/sebaiknya ........ daripada

- Daripada mati kelaparan, lebih baik kita pindah saja.
- Sebaiknya mereka menyerah saja, daripada melawan

10

no matter how (adjective) ...... nevertheless

- No matter how kind those Europeans are to us, nevertheless they will be afraid to take risks.

bagaimanapun/betapapun (adjective)-nya ..... namun/toh

- Betapapun baiknya orang Eropah itu pada kita, toh mereka takut mengambil resiko.