Counseling Theories Flashcards Preview

Prelims > Counseling Theories > Flashcards

Flashcards in Counseling Theories Deck (23):
1

Client-centered therapy--necessary and sufficient conditions for behavior change

Rogers (1957)

2

Emotion-focused therapy citation

Greenberg (2010), Greenberg, Rice, & Elliot (1993), Greenberg and Paivio (1997)

3

Interpersonal therapies citation

Teyber & McClure (2010)

4

Cognitive Therapies citation

Beck (1995), Beck & Beck, 2011)

5

Emotions can occur through a direct pathway through the amygdala or through a slower pathway mediated by the frontal cortex

LeDoux, 1996

6

Gestalt therapies citation

Hefferline & Goodman, 1951; Dierks, 1996

7

Awareness/Naming the emotion is therapeutic

Lieberman et al., 2004

8

Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) -- what's a citation?

Ellis, 1962, 2005

9

Classic Psychoanalytic therapy (citation?)

Freud, 1917

10

Attachment theory

Bowlby, 1982, 1988

11

Psychosocial Theory

Erikson, 1993

12

6 components distinguish psychodynamic theories from others, what are they?

Shedler (2010)
-Focus on affect and expression of emotion (cognitive understanding ≠ change)
-Active exploration of attempts to avoid distressing thoughts/emotions
-Identification of recurring themes and patterns
-Discussion of past experiences to shed light on present (developmental focus)
-Focus on interpersonal problems
-Focus on the therapy relationship

13

Is there support for psychoanalytic principles?

Yes, support for concepts of unconscious,
defenses (Baumeister, Dale & Sommer, 1998), conflicted feelings/motivations,
childhood experiences influencing personality patterns,
self-concept (Westen, 1998)

14

CCRT citation

Book, 1998

15

Person-Centered therapy citation

Rogers, 1951, 1957,1959, 1961, 1980

16

The necessary and sufficient conditions for change (6)

(Rogers, 1957)
1.Two persons in psychological contact.
2.client = incongruent, vulnerable, anxious
3.therapist = congruent & integrated
4.therapist has unconditional positive regard for client.
5.therapist has empathic understanding of client and communicates this to client.
6.therapist can successfully communiciate empathy and unconditional positive regard.

17

Emotion-Focused Therapies

Greenberd & Paivio, 1997

18

Empirical support for psychodynamic therapy?

-Abbass et al. (2006): 23 RCT for short-term (<40 hrs) psychodynamic had effect size of .97 for general symptom improvement.
-Westen (1998): support for concepts of unconscious, defenses, conflicted feelings
-Shapiro et al. (1994): psychodynamic-interpersonal equivalent to CBT for depression
-Leichsenring & Leibing (2003): CBT & psychodynamic both efficacious for personality disorders

19

Narrative therapy explores how what is used to construct and maintain problems?

Language (Etchison & Kleist, 2000)

20

According to Gestalt therapy, what is the primary cue that a person is in a reactive/regressive state?

defensiveness (fight, flight, or freeze)
(Dierks, 1996)

21

What is the citation for our counseling theories book?

Corey, 2009

22

When are empty chair exercises appropriate?

Unfinished business with another person:
●difficulty separating or terminating a relationship
●traumatic, stress-inducing, or victimization experiences

23

When are 2-chair exercises appropriate?

Standards and expectations conflict with feelings and needs.
●Failure to meet needs -->confusion & no clarity.
●Failure to meet standards -->negative self-eval and loss of self-worth.