Flashcards in Counseling Theories Deck (23):
Client-centered therapy--necessary and sufficient conditions for behavior change
Emotion-focused therapy citation
Greenberg (2010), Greenberg, Rice, & Elliot (1993), Greenberg and Paivio (1997)
Interpersonal therapies citation
Teyber & McClure (2010)
Cognitive Therapies citation
Beck (1995), Beck & Beck, 2011)
Emotions can occur through a direct pathway through the amygdala or through a slower pathway mediated by the frontal cortex
Gestalt therapies citation
Hefferline & Goodman, 1951; Dierks, 1996
Awareness/Naming the emotion is therapeutic
Lieberman et al., 2004
Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) -- what's a citation?
Ellis, 1962, 2005
Classic Psychoanalytic therapy (citation?)
Bowlby, 1982, 1988
6 components distinguish psychodynamic theories from others, what are they?
-Focus on affect and expression of emotion (cognitive understanding ≠ change)
-Active exploration of attempts to avoid distressing thoughts/emotions
-Identification of recurring themes and patterns
-Discussion of past experiences to shed light on present (developmental focus)
-Focus on interpersonal problems
-Focus on the therapy relationship
Is there support for psychoanalytic principles?
Yes, support for concepts of unconscious,
defenses (Baumeister, Dale & Sommer, 1998), conflicted feelings/motivations,
childhood experiences influencing personality patterns,
self-concept (Westen, 1998)
Person-Centered therapy citation
Rogers, 1951, 1957,1959, 1961, 1980
The necessary and sufficient conditions for change (6)
1.Two persons in psychological contact.
2.client = incongruent, vulnerable, anxious
3.therapist = congruent & integrated
4.therapist has unconditional positive regard for client.
5.therapist has empathic understanding of client and communicates this to client.
6.therapist can successfully communiciate empathy and unconditional positive regard.
Greenberd & Paivio, 1997
Empirical support for psychodynamic therapy?
-Abbass et al. (2006): 23 RCT for short-term (<40 hrs) psychodynamic had effect size of .97 for general symptom improvement.
-Westen (1998): support for concepts of unconscious, defenses, conflicted feelings
-Shapiro et al. (1994): psychodynamic-interpersonal equivalent to CBT for depression
-Leichsenring & Leibing (2003): CBT & psychodynamic both efficacious for personality disorders
Narrative therapy explores how what is used to construct and maintain problems?
Language (Etchison & Kleist, 2000)
According to Gestalt therapy, what is the primary cue that a person is in a reactive/regressive state?
defensiveness (fight, flight, or freeze)
What is the citation for our counseling theories book?
When are empty chair exercises appropriate?
Unfinished business with another person:
●difficulty separating or terminating a relationship
●traumatic, stress-inducing, or victimization experiences