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Flashcards in course overview Deck (18):
1

viscerosomatic reflex definition

localized visceral stimuli producing patterns of reflex response in segmentally related somatic structure

2

heart sympathetic spinal level

T1-4

3

trachea/bronchi sympathetic spinal level

T1-6

4

lungs/visceral pleura sympathetic spinal level

T2-6

5

heart, trachea/bronchi, lungs/visceral pleura parasympathetic spinal level

CN X (vagus)

6

heart, trachea/bronchi, lungs/visceral pleura facilitation level

T1-6

7

Chapman's reflex points defintion

gangliform contraction that may block lymphatic drainage, causing inflammation in distal tissues

8

how is chapman's reflex points often described as?

nodule-like

9

chapman's reflex points is part of which system's dysfunction?

sympathetic dysfunction, hence found in regions which overlap with visceral sympathetic efferent innervation

10

bronchus anterior chapman's point

between 2nd and 3rd ribs (2nd intercostal space) close to the sternum

11

bronchus posterior chapman's point

midway between the tip of the transverse process and spinous process of T2 on the posterior aspect of the transverse process

12

lower lung anterior chapman's point

between the 4th and 5th ribs (4th intercostal space) close to the sternum

13

upper lung anterior chapman's point

between the 3rd and 4th ribs (3rd intercostal space) close to the sternum

14

myocardium anterior chapman's point

between the 2nd and 3rd ribs (2nd intercostal space) close to the sternum

15

lower lung posterior chapman's point

intertransverse space, midway between the spinous and transverse processes of T4 and T5

16

upper lung posterior chapman's point

intertransverse space, midway between the spinous and transverse processes of T3 and T4

17

myocardium posterior chapman's point

intertransverse space, midway between the spinous and transverse processes of T2 and T3

18

which ganglia innervates the heart? and what is the spinal level?

cervical ganglia; T1-5