Cow Breeds Flashcards Preview

RUSVM Nutrition Final > Cow Breeds > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cow Breeds Deck (26):
1

Breed?

Beef/Dairy?

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Shorthorn

Beef

2

Breed?

Beef/Dairy?

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Texas Longhorn

Beef

3

Breed?

Beef/Dairy?

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Charolais

Beef

4

Breed?

Beef/Dairy?

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Brahman

Beef

5

Breed?

Beef/Dairy?

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Hereford

Beef

6

Breed?

Beef/Dairy?

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Aberdeen Angus (Black = dominant trait)

Beef

7

Breed?

Beef/Dairy?

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Aberdeen Angus (Red = Recessive)

Beef

8

Breed?

Beef/Dairy?

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Ayrshire

Dairy

9

Breed?

Beef/Dairy?

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Brown Swiss

Dairy

10

Breed?

Beef/Dairy?

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Holstein-Friesland

Dairy

11

Breed?

Beef/Dairy?

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Jersey

Dairy

12

Name that breed:

-Dairy Cow

-Docile

-Withstands Heat Well

-4% milkfat

Brown Swiss

13

Name that breed:

-90% of dairy cows

- 2.5 - 3.5 % milk fat

Holstein-Friesland

14

Name That Breed:

-Nervous lil fellas

-Males can be aggressive lil fellas

-Curious lil fellas

- 4.9% milk fat

Jersey
... those nervous lil fellas ...

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15

Name that breed: 

- 4% milk fat

-good grazing ability

Ayrshire

16

Rank the 4 milk breeds from highest to lowest in terms of milk production

HIGHEST

1. Holstein:              23,151

2. Brown Swiss:     22,152

3. Ayrshire:             17,230

4. Jersey:                16,431

LOWEST

17

Name that breed:

-Well Marbled Meat

-High Quality Carcass

-Polled, smooth hair

beef

Angus

18

Name that breed:
-Large, heavily muscled
-High Carcass Yield
-Lean

-Popular Worldwide

beef

Charolais

19

Name That Breed:
-High Beef Yield
-Docile and easily handled

-In USA, crossed w/ other breeds
-Used in US ranching systems

beef

Hereford

20

Name that breed:

-Heat tolerant
-ability to forage on poor pasture

-quality carcass

-used for crossing w/ other breeds

beef

Brahman

21

Name that breed:
-Slow to mature
-Tolerant to diseases and parassites
-Ability to survive on sparce range lands

-Adapted to harsh SW environment

beef

Texas Longhorn

22

Name that breed:

-Very adaptable

-Origin of 30 different breeds
-N England

beef

Shorthorn

23

2 Main Dual Purpose Breeds

1. Simmentaler/Fleckveih (Australia)
2. Normande (France)

*Technically all dairy breeds can be used for meat but may be poor quality*

24

What are composite breeds?

-Pure breeds that result from intentional crosses of other purebreeds
-Designed and selected for a purpose

25

What are composite breeds used for?

-Optimizing beef production in harsh lands

-Combined hardiness (Brahman) w/ production (Shorthorn)

26