Flashcards in CPR, AED and First Aid Deck (99)
What is the ABC of survival?
Airway, Breathing, Circulation
What is the chain of survival?
Early recog, early CPR, early defib, post-resus care
What is asphyxia?
When the body is deprived of oxygen
What can cause asphyxia?
Drowning, tongue blocking airway
What is cardiac arrest?
When the heart stops pumping blood around the body
How many compressions in CPR?
How many rescue breaths in CPR?
When do you give 5 initial rescue breaths?
Drowned casualty, child and infant
How many hands used for compressions on a child?
How many fingers used for compressions on an infant?
Depth of compressions for an adult?
If tracheostomy, how do you complete rescue breaths?
Through the stoma, covering the mouth and nose
Sign of choking
Cough, blue face, gripping throat
Symptoms of choking
Unable to breathe or speak, distressed
What do you do first with a choking casualty?
Encourage them to cough
What do you do second with a choking casualty?
5 back blows
What do you do if the back blows fail?
5 abdominal thrusts
What do you do for infants if back blows fail?
5 chest thrusts
What are the priorities of first aid?
Preserve life, Alleviate suffering, Prevent situation from getting worse, Promote casualty recovery
Examples of content of first aid box?
Sterile dressing, bandage, gloves
What is a hygiene procedure in first aid?
Wear gloves, wash hands
What to do with needles and sharps?
Make sure nobody goes near the sharps then move it to the sharps container (not with hands)
What can help you determine history?
Medic alert bracelet, witnesses, friends and family
What are symptoms?
What the casualty describes the pain to be
What are signs?
Something you can see
What is the primary survey?
Assessing the Danger, Response, Airway, Breathing and Circulation
What is a secondary survey?
Looking for signs and symptoms through a thorough examination of the casualty
Symptom of a heart attack
Pain in chest, feeling of impending doom
Sign of a heart attack
Pale skin, clutching chest