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Flashcards in CPR, AED and First Aid Deck (99)
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1

What is the ABC of survival?

Airway, Breathing, Circulation

2

What is the chain of survival?

Early recog, early CPR, early defib, post-resus care

3

What is asphyxia?

When the body is deprived of oxygen

4

What can cause asphyxia?

Drowning, tongue blocking airway

5

What is cardiac arrest?

When the heart stops pumping blood around the body

6

How many compressions in CPR?

30

7

How many rescue breaths in CPR?

2

8

When do you give 5 initial rescue breaths?

Drowned casualty, child and infant

9

How many hands used for compressions on a child?

One

10

How many fingers used for compressions on an infant?

Two

11

Depth of compressions for an adult?

5-6 cm

12

If tracheostomy, how do you complete rescue breaths?

Through the stoma, covering the mouth and nose

13

Sign of choking

Cough, blue face, gripping throat

14

Symptoms of choking

Unable to breathe or speak, distressed

15

What do you do first with a choking casualty?

Encourage them to cough

16

What do you do second with a choking casualty?

5 back blows

17

What do you do if the back blows fail?

5 abdominal thrusts

18

What do you do for infants if back blows fail?

5 chest thrusts

19

What are the priorities of first aid?

Preserve life, Alleviate suffering, Prevent situation from getting worse, Promote casualty recovery

20

Examples of content of first aid box?

Sterile dressing, bandage, gloves

21

What is a hygiene procedure in first aid?

Wear gloves, wash hands

22

What to do with needles and sharps?

Make sure nobody goes near the sharps then move it to the sharps container (not with hands)

23

What can help you determine history?

Medic alert bracelet, witnesses, friends and family

24

What are symptoms?

What the casualty describes the pain to be

25

What are signs?

Something you can see

26

What is the primary survey?

Assessing the Danger, Response, Airway, Breathing and Circulation

27

What is a secondary survey?

Looking for signs and symptoms through a thorough examination of the casualty

28

Symptom of a heart attack

Pain in chest, feeling of impending doom

29

Sign of a heart attack

Pale skin, clutching chest

30

Treatment of heart attack

Half sitting position, loosen clothing, call 999, reassure