CPR and First Aid Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CPR and First Aid Deck (27)
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1
Q

What are the ABC’s of CPR?

A

A- airway check that the airway is open
B- breathing, check for breathing. (If none, do artificial respiration)
C- check for pulse. If none, do CPR.

2
Q

Explain what you must do in the first step of the CPR procedure?

A

Tilt head,lift chin, check breathing. Give two mouth to mouth breaths.

3
Q

Explain what you must do in the second step of the CPR procedure?

A

Place two fingers on the spot where the ribs come together. Put the heal of your hand just above your fingers on the breastbone.

4
Q

Explain what you must do in the third step of the CPR procedure?

A

Firmly push down on the injured persons chest 30 times. Continue with 2 mouth to mouth breaths, 30 compressions until help arrives.

5
Q

What does CPR stand for?

A

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

6
Q

If you are ever at the scene of an accident and need to phone for help, it is important you know what to do. Before you Phone the police, the ambulance or fire brigade, make sure that you have all the information you need?

A

Exactly where the injured person is
Who is injured?
What happened?
You will have to warn the emergency services of any hazards they might encounter getting to the scene.

7
Q

Why must you remember before you start CPR?

A

You must make sure that the patient needs it and when there is no pulse.

8
Q

What is first aid?

A

The first thing you can do to help someone who is injured.

9
Q

When should you tell an adult what has happened?

A

If the injured person can’t get up or is bleeding badly. Always call for help.

10
Q

What should you remember when dealing with an injured person who might have neck and back injuries?

A

Never move an injured person who has neck or back injuries.

11
Q

What must you do before you treat a cut or a graze?

A

Wash your hands and wear gloves if possible?

12
Q

How do you stop the bleeding of a large wound as quickly as possible (2) ?

A

Lift the wound higher than the heart or head, put direct pressure on the wound.

13
Q

Why should you not put a sticking plaster or cotton wool on burnt skin?

A

It will damage the skin.

14
Q

What must you remember at all times during first aid (4)

A

Stay calm and check the area is safe
Think before you do anything
Talk to the person you are helping
Look for an adult to help

15
Q

If someone has a burn (3)

A

Cool the burn under running water (tap water temperature) for at least ten minutes
Tell an adult
If the burn is bad or it is a child who is burnt call an ambulance

16
Q

If someone has a nose bleed (4)

A

Sit up straight
Lean head forward
Pinch soft part of the nose for ten minutes
If bleeding doesn’t stop, tell an adult

17
Q

If someone is unconscious and you need to check if they are breathing? (2)

A

If an unconscious person doesn’t move or answer you follow ABC and if no pulse do CPR
If they are not breathing, tell an adult and call an ambulance.

18
Q

If someone is unconscious and breathing (4)

A

An unconscious person doesn’t move or answer you turn them on their side , into the recovery position
Tip their head back
Tell an adult and call an ambulance

19
Q

How do you know if a person has a broken bone ?

A

It is difficult to tell that someone has a broken bone . Tell-tale to look for bruising, swelling and limbs twisted in an awkward position.

20
Q

If someone has a broken bone?

A

Do not move the person, keep the injured part still until help arrives. Support the injured part with blankets and towels. Call an adult of ambulance

21
Q

How is concussion caused?

A

By an injury to the head.

22
Q

Describe the actions of an concussed person.

A

When concussed, a person will be ‘knocked out’, sometimes just wait for a couple of seconds. The injured person may be confused , and may have difficulty remembering and may have have a headache.

23
Q

If someone is concussed (3)

A

Lay the person down with their head to the side
Talk to them and try make them wake up
Call help

24
Q

If someone has a bad bleed? (4)

A

Press on where the blood is coming and keep pressing on it

Use a T-Shirt or any clothing (clean) to press on the bleed if possible

25
Q

If someone has an allergic reaction? (4)

A

Keep away from the cause of the allergy
Get the person to sit comfortably
Encourage them to take their medication if they have it
If this doesn’t seem to help, tell an adult and call an ambulance

26
Q

If someone is having an asthma attack (6)

A

Get the person to sit comfortably
Help him to find his asthma pump and encourage them to use their inhaler
Reassure the person, keep them calm

27
Q

If someone is upset (4)

A

Keep calm yourself
Ask them how you can help
Listen to them
Help as best you can