Winter barley & wheat - when can it be planted?
Different varieties = diff cut off dates.
Ideally by mid October but you can plant until end of Feb.
When can you plant spring wheat and barley?
You COULD plant in the autumn. However you are at risk of frost as they are not as winter hardy.
January onwards. Depends on weather and ground conditions.
Spring OSR - when you plant?
When would you plant sugar beet?
March/April. You want to plant as the weather and land warms up.
When do you plant potatoes?
Spring. Depends on market they are going to.
When would you plant linseed?
Can be planted all the way through to May due to short growing seasons. Usually looking at April.
What is the tyre compaction depth?
Min till methods - what depth could you run a cultivator at to receive compaction?
One issue with min till in terms of weed ?
Why is black grass becoming more of a problem?
Because of continual early autumn sown crops and less chemicals available.
How does ploughing help alleviate the black grass problem?
You are turning land over so the seed is put to the bottom.
Weed control happens when?
Autumn and spring if you have any chemicals you can have left
Controlling disease happens when?
Spring. You might spray OSR in autumn for foma. But for wheat and barley you generally wouldn’t spray.
When would you worry about insecticides?
You would worry about aphids in the cereals in the autumn. But you could use a seed dressing to control insects. There isn’t too much else to worry about on cereals.
What cultivations might you use to reduce slug problems?
Ploughing. More problems with min till and direct drilling.
How can you reduce slug problems?
Rolling - compacts the ground.
What weather makes slugs more of a problem?
A wet autumn. If you have a dry autumn you should get away without having to put slugs pellets on.
How long will you seed dressing (deter) against aphids last?
Usually about 10 weeks. Frost will then help with control.
What is the result of loosing the neonicitine seed dressings for OSR?
Flea beetle problems.
With which crop do you have to worry about take all?
Wheat - when you are growing second or third.
Sometimes with barley but not as noticeable.
How to mitigate take all problems?
Seed dressing called latitude will help protect it.
What are the four main fertiliser ?
Nitrogen, phosphate, potash and sulphur.
Phosphate and potash is applied when and how much?
Depends on soil analysis.
Apply phosphate prior to drilling so that it gets worked into the soil as it does not move around in the soil as much as potash. (Autumn) also helps with rooting.
In spring you will probably put both in before drilling.
Apply potash jan/feb as rail will wash it into the soil.
How do you apply sulphur?
Either top dress with the nitrogen
You can apply earlier on in say feb with the potash.
When is nitrogen applied?
Start off in early March. Then every three weeks.
You will do two or three applications for wheat.
If it’s malting barley you will put it all on by the end of March.
If it’s bread wheat you pay apply a spray onto the crop at ear emergence to give it a boost - protein content.
OSR - two or three doses in the spring.
All crops require nitrogen - different for different crops.
When should you get OSR in?
By mid sep, ideally August.