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Biology 12: Biochemistry review > Crossword 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Crossword 2 Deck (27)
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1

Unsaturated

Fatty acid with at least 1 double bind between carbon

2

Primary

Protein structure with the sequence of amino acids that make up 1 protein

3

Amino acids

20 different kinds
Subunit that makes up polypeptides

4

Carbohydrates

Provide energy
2:1 hydrogen to oxygen

5

ATP

Special kind of nucleotide used to transmit energy within living organisms

6

Organic compounds

Made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen

7

Protein

It’s 3D shape is what makes it function properly

8

Phospholipids

Type of lipid that makes up a significant portion of the cell

9

Water

Good solvent because molecules are polar

10

Polar

Having slight positive and negative charge

11

Sucrose

Disaccharide
Glucose + fructose

12

Monosaccharides

Carbohydrate made up of only 1 subunit

13

Dehydration synthesis

Creates bonds between subunits in organic polymers

14

Heat

Excessive heat can cause a protein to lose its shape

15

Denaturation

Protein losing its 3D shape

16

Monoglyceride

Neutral fat that contained glycerol and 1 fatty acid

17

Buffer

Keeps pH constant

18

Glucose

Carbohydrate used in cells

19

pH

Measure of acidity or alkalinity of a substance

20

Disaccharide

Carbohydrate made up of 2 subunits or rings

21

Hydrogen bonds

Weak

22

Quaternary

2 or more proteins join and form a larger protein structure (hemoglobin)

23

Dipeptide

Molecule made of 2 amino acids joined together

24

Tertiary

Protein begins to fold upon itself creating 3D

25

Glycogen

Storage form of carbohydrates in animals

26

NCC

Sequence of amino acids

27

Polymer

A macromolécule formed from repeating subunits of smaller molecules (protein)

Eg starch and DNA