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Flashcards in Cultural Literacy Deck (32)
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To believe unfairly that all people or things with a particular characteristic are the same

Stereotype

1

Having extreme political or social views that are not shared by most people

Radical

2

Arabian prophet

Muhammad

3

Religion based on the teachings communicated by Muhammad; believe in obeying the will of God or Allah, religious observations such as prayer, fasting, and giving gifts to the poor are central to Muslim faith; once in their lives they make a pilgrimage to Mecca

Islamic

4

Person who believes in the Islamic religion

Muslim

5

Sacred book of Islam and contains the rules and ideas that Muslims follow

Koran

6

The birthplace of Muhammad and thus the holy city of Islam

Mecca

7

Physical struggle for justice or a struggle to defend Islam

Jihad

8

Muslim place/house of worship

Mosque

9

Religion based on the teachings of the Jewish bible or Old Testament, especially the Torah of which their laws and ideas "remember the sabbath day to keep it holy"

Judaism

10

People who follow Judaism

Jews

11

Men's of Jewish faith's headgear/hat

Kippa/yarmulke

12

Symbolizes the idea of universal enlightenment and used to celebrate the Festival of Lights-Hanukkah

Menora

13

Consist of religious writings sacred to Judaism; five Books of Moses

Torah

14

Jewish house of worship (temple)

Synagogue

15

A fundamental Islamic militia; in 1995 the Taliban militia took over Afghanistan and in 1996 took Rabul and set up an Islamic government, "the Taliban enforces a strict Muslim code of behavior"

Taliban

16

Terrorist network that was headed by Osama bin laden

Al Qaeda

17

Small oil rich country in the Middle East

Kuwait

18

Oil rich Arabic speaking country in the Middle East

Saudi Arabia

19

Great political and spiritual leader in modern India; used nonviolent methods; assassinated in 1948

Gandhi

20

A country in Western Asia, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean sea

Israel

21

In certain societies, such as imperial china, a woman contracted to a man as a secondary wife, often having few legal rights and low social status

Concubines

22

Majority of the islamics

Sunnis

23

Minority of islamics

Shiites

24

People who are originally from the Arabian peninsula

Arabs

25

A veil that covers the head and chest, which is particularly worn by a Muslim female

Hijab

26

Used in Judaism to describe food ritually pure according to Jewish laws

Kosher

27

Jewish festival that occurs each December for 8 nights to commemorate the victory of the Jews over the Syrians in the second century

Hanukkah

28

Of or relating to the ideas, customs, and social behavior of a society

Cultural

29

Knowledge that relates to a specified subject

Literacy