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Flashcards in culture Deck (30):
1

social dynamics

social dynamic focuses on how society changes over time.

2

social statics

Social static focuses on how order is maintained in the society

3

symbol

symbols are cultural representations of reality.

4

instinct

biologically inherited patterns of behavior

5

taboo

a norm engrained so deeply that even thinking about violating it, evokes feelings of disgust or horror. ex: drugs, cannibalism, suicide

6

reflex

An action or movement not controlled by conscious thought. A reflex may be anything from a hiccup to the involuntary response of a body part, such as the action that occurs in the knee-jerk reflex.

7

drive

innate and acquired Energizing forces directed towards a particular goal or objective. Drives may be viewed as innate (physiological) or acquired (learned).

8

POSITIVISM

positivism is a philosophical system that hold every rationally justifiable assertion, can be scientifically verified or capable of logic

9

rationalization

rationalization is the action of attempting to explain and justify Behavior or an attitude with logical reasons, even if not appropriate

10

Verstehen

Verstehen is a German word meaning to 'understand in a deep way' that also refers to an approach within sociology. In this approach, when a researcher aims to understand another person's experience, he can try to put himself in the other person's shoes.

11

sociological perspective

sociological perspective is a perspective on human behavior and its connection to society as a whole

12

sociological imagination

Social imagination is the practice of being able to think ourselves away from familiar routines

13

folkway

Folkways refer to everyday habits and conventions people obey without giving it much thought (ex: writing thank you cards)
People who violate folkways may be considered eccentric or rude, but are usually tolerated

14

cultural universal

Cultural Universals are features that are common to all cultures
Some of the similarity comes from universal need
Other similarities can be found in the dynamics of a group

15

function

function is the part that a recurrent activity plays in social life as a whole and the contribution it makes to structural continuity

16

perspective

?????

17

conformity

conformity changes in Behavior or belief toward a group standard as a result of the group's influence on an individual

18

dysfunction

dysfunction refers to element and process of society that may disrupt a social system or lead to a decrease in stability

19

role-taking

Assuming the viewpoint of another person and using that viewpoint to shape the self-concept

20

personality

personality refers to the habits, attitudes and other social traits that are characteristic of a given individual's behavior.

21

significant others

Individuals who significantly influence our lives, such as parents or siblings

22

nonverbal signs

gestures and facial expressions, that do not involve verbal communication but which may include nonverbal aspects of speech itself

23

internalization of norms

Internalization of norms is the process by which an individual makes society’s norms a part of his or her own set of attitudes and beliefs

24

acculturation

is the modification of the culture of a group as a result of contact w/a different culture

25

cultural relativism

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26

Auguste Comte

Auguste comte was a French philosopher who founded the discipline of praxeology and doctrine of positivism

27

C. Wright Mills

C. Wright Mills American sociologist, was concerned with the possibilities of intellectuals and World War II. The sociological imagination is defined as an awareness of the relationship between an individual and the wider society.

28

Karl Marx

Karl Marx said the key to human history is class conflict. He introduced one of the major perspectives in sociology, conflict perspective.

29

Max Weber

Max Weber used cross-cultural and historical materials in order to determine how extensively social groups affect people's orientations to life

30

Herbert Blumer

Herbert blumer coined the term of symbolic interactionism and outlined three assumptions Central to the perspective including how we learn the meaning of a symbol by how people react