Flashcards in Culture & Ethnicity: Power Point Deck (48)
The thoughts, communications, actions, customs, beliefs, values, and institutions of racial, ethnic, religious, or social groups
A pattern of shared attitudes, beliefs, self-definitions, norms, roles, and values that can occur among those who speak a particular language or live in a defined geographic area
culture is learned
culture is changeable
visable concepts of culture
religious rituals, eating habits/foods, gestures, expressions, holiday customs, art
invisible concepts of culture
ethics, etiquette, personal space, beliefs, values,
shared values and beliefs transferred from generations
japanese baby. adopted by German parents. raised in America doing american traditions. German values and religion practiced.
Culture: Biculturalism/American German
weakness of nerves (chinese culture)
ataque de nervios
latino-caribbean syndrome that usually occurs in response to a specific stressor
ataque de nervios is characterized by....
disassociation or trans-like states, crying, spasms, trembling or shouting
extreme fatigue, weak, memory loss (depression)
american culture bound syndromes include
anorexia and bulimia (social pressure to be thin)
e T ic view
ou T siders prospective
“the way people tend to look out upon the
world or their universe to form a picture or value stance about life
or the world around them”
Korean culture-bound syndrome observed among
middle-age, low-income women who are overwhelmed and frustrated
by the burden of caregiving for their in-laws, husbands, and
chinese southeast asian healers
herbalist, acupuncturist, fortune teller, shaman
asian indians healers
native american healers
medicine man, granny midwife, spiritualist, voodoo
curandero, parteras, yerberro, sabador, espiritista, santero
health care providers disregard values or cultural beliefs
Rites of Passage
naturalistic healers emphasize
naturalistic modalities (herbs, chemicals, heat, cold, massage, surgery)
personalistic healers emphasize
the importance of relationships with others, both living and deceased, and with their deities
a tendency to hold one’s own way of
life as superior to others.
is the cause of biases and
prejudices that associate negative permanent characteristics with
people who are different from the valued group
The process of acquiring specific knowledge, skills, and attitudes to provide culturally congruent care
5 interrelated concepts of cultural competence
Cultural congruency: 3 elements
Cultural care preservation: retain
Cultural care accommodation: adapt
Cultural care repatterning and restructuring: change pt
Meaningful, supportive, and facilitative care as judged by the patient.
study of cultures to understand similarities (culture universal) and
differences (culture-specific) across human groups
Transcultural communication requires skills of:
Early Step in Providing Culturally Congruent Care?
what do you think caused your illness?
did you have this problem before?
how different is this problem from the one you had previously
how long have you/your parents resided in this country?
who lives with you?
what do you do for a living?
what caused your problem?
bicultural ecology and health risks
what language do you speak at home?
language and communication
what do you do to keep yourself well?
caring beliefs and practices