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Flashcards in Culture & Ethnicity: Power Point Deck (48)
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1

The thoughts, communications, actions, customs, beliefs, values, and institutions of racial, ethnic, religious, or social groups

culture

2

A pattern of shared attitudes, beliefs, self-definitions, norms, roles, and values that can occur among those who speak a particular language or live in a defined geographic area

culture

3

Culture...

culture is learned
culture is changeable

4

visable concepts of culture

religious rituals, eating habits/foods, gestures, expressions, holiday customs, art

5

invisible concepts of culture

ethics, etiquette, personal space, beliefs, values,

6

enculturation

grow

7

acculturation

adopt

8

assimilation

replace

9

biculturalism

select

10

ethnicity

shared values and beliefs transferred from generations

11

race

biological terms.

12

japanese baby. adopted by German parents. raised in America doing american traditions. German values and religion practiced.
Culture?
Ethnicity?
Race?

Culture: Biculturalism/American German
Ethnicity: German
Race: Asian

13

Shenjing shuairuo

weakness of nerves (chinese culture)

14

ataque de nervios

latino-caribbean syndrome that usually occurs in response to a specific stressor

15

ataque de nervios is characterized by....

disassociation or trans-like states, crying, spasms, trembling or shouting

16

neurasthenia

extreme fatigue, weak, memory loss (depression)

17

american culture bound syndromes include

anorexia and bulimia (social pressure to be thin)

18

e T ic view

ou T siders prospective

19

emic view

insiders/native prospective

20

“the way people tend to look out upon the
world or their universe to form a picture or value stance about life
or the world around them”

world view

21

Hwa-byung

Korean culture-bound syndrome observed among
middle-age, low-income women who are overwhelmed and frustrated
by the burden of caregiving for their in-laws, husbands, and
children.

22

chinese southeast asian healers

herbalist, acupuncturist, fortune teller, shaman

23

asian indians healers

ayuvedic

24

native american healers

medicine man, granny midwife, spiritualist, voodoo

25

hispanic healers

curandero, parteras, yerberro, sabador, espiritista, santero

26

cultural pain

when
health care providers disregard values or cultural beliefs

27

Rites of Passage

Pregnancy
Birth
Illness
Death

28

naturalistic healers emphasize

naturalistic modalities (herbs, chemicals, heat, cold, massage, surgery)

29

personalistic healers emphasize

the importance of relationships with others, both living and deceased, and with their deities

30

a tendency to hold one’s own way of
life as superior to others.

ethnocentrism

31

ethnocentrism

is the cause of biases and
prejudices that associate negative permanent characteristics with
people who are different from the valued group

32

cultural competence

The process of acquiring specific knowledge, skills, and attitudes to provide culturally congruent care

33

5 interrelated concepts of cultural competence

Knowledge
Consideration
Understanding
Respect
Tailoring

34

Cultural congruency: 3 elements

Cultural care preservation: retain
Cultural care accommodation: adapt
Cultural care repatterning and restructuring: change pt

35

Meaningful, supportive, and facilitative care as judged by the patient.

congruent care

36

a comparative
study of cultures to understand similarities (culture universal) and
differences (culture-specific) across human groups

transcultural nursing

37

Transcultural communication requires skills of:

Linguistic
Interpretation
Listening
Observation

38

Early Step in Providing Culturally Congruent Care?

ASSESS

39

what do you think caused your illness?

open ended

40

did you have this problem before?

focused

41

how different is this problem from the one you had previously

contrast

42

how long have you/your parents resided in this country?

ethnohistory

43

who lives with you?

social organization

44

what do you do for a living?

socioeconomic status

45

what caused your problem?

bicultural ecology and health risks

46

what language do you speak at home?

language and communication

47

what do you do to keep yourself well?

caring beliefs and practices

48

cultural assessment topics

ethnohistory
social organization
language/communication
caring beliefs and practices
biocultural history
religious and spiritual belieds
time orientation
experiences with professional health care