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Flashcards in Elimination Deck (57)
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1

If a patient has a colostomy in the area known as the "ascending colon," what would the nurse expect of the stool in the colostomy device?

Stool in the ascending colon is watery, or loose

2

Straining can put pressure on the vagas nerve and cause bradycardia

Valsalva maneuver

3

is passage and dispelling of stool through the intestinal tract by means of intestinal smooth muscle contraction

bowel elimination

4

is passage of urine out of the urinary tract through the urinary sphincter and urethra

urinary elimination

5

defecation

elimination of feces

6

micturition

elimination of urine

7

voiding

movement of urine

8

purposeful control of urinary or fecal elimination

continence

9

loss of control of either urine or bowel elimination

incontinence

10

control issues arise from....

underdeveloped mechanisms, malfunction of mechanisms, altered cognition

11

Air produces a higher-pitched,
hollow sound termed

tympany

12

Fluid or masses produce a short,
high-pitched sound with little resonance termed

dullness

13

listen to bowel sounds for at least

2 minutes

14

borborygmi- hyperperistasis

stomach growling

15

a swishing or buzzing sound and indicates turbulent
blood flow

bruit- vascular sound

16

painful and difficult urination

dysuria

17

absence of urine production

anuria

18

diminished urine prduction

oliguria

19

involuntary nocturnal urination

enuresis

20

pink tinged urine, burning, and frequency are common following a

cystoscopy

21

normal WBC levels in urine

below 5/hpf

22

average ph of urine

6.0

23

ranges of specific gravity

1.003 to 1.030

24

the narrowest part of the urethra

ureterovesical junction (UPJ)

25

the UPJ is

easily obstructed by urinary calculi

26

if patient is unable to void....

palpate bladder, percussion, or a bladder scan is recommended

27

bumetanide (bumex)

loop of henle diuretic that decreases reabsorption of sodium and cholride

28

liver edges should feel

firm, sharp, and smooth

29

if spleen is enlarged and palpated it could...

rupture

30

light palpation

detects tenderness or cutaneous hypersensitivity, muscular resistance, masses and swelling