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Year 3B > CV Buzz Words > Flashcards

Flashcards in CV Buzz Words Deck (22):
1

Anacrotic (slow-rising) pulse

Aortic stenosis

2

Collapsing pulse

Aortic regurgitation

3

Pulsus alternans

LVF

4

Irregularly irregular

AF

5

Bounding pulse

Asterixis, Acute CO2 retention, hepatic flap, sepsis

6

Radiofemoral delay

Coarctation of the aorta

7

Jerky pulse

HOCM or MR

8

Electromechanical dissociation

Cardiac tamponade

9

Prominent x and y descents

Constrictive pericarditis

10

JVP rising on inspiration

Tamponade / constrictive pericarditis

11

Cannon 'a' waves

Complete heart block, AV dissociation, Ventricular arrhythmias

12

Big 'v' waves

TR

13

Absent 'a' waves

Atrial fibrillation

14

Tapping apex beat, Soft S1, pansystolic murmur radiate to axilla

MR

15

Harsh' pansystolic murmur with left parasternal heave

VSD

16

Wide pulse pressure, displaced apex, early diastolic murmur at lower sternal edge (louder leaning forward)

AR

17

Widespread 'saddle'-shaped ST elevation

Pericarditis

18

Bifid 'p' wave (p mitrale) & clinical apical thrill

Mitral Stenosis

19

Reciprocal V1 ST depression and R waves in V1

Posterior infarct

20

Causes of pulmonary stenosis

Noon falls will ruby turn? (Noonans, Fallots, William's, Rubella, Turner's)

21

MS + 3 Ps (polyarthritis, pancarditis, paniculitis/erythema marginatum)

Rheumatic fever

22

Cardiac arrest causes

H's
Hypoxia
Hypovolemia
Hyperkalemia or hypokalemia + disturbances of calcium or magnesium levels.
Hypothermia/Hyperthermia
Hydrogen ions (Acidosis)
Hypoglycemia

T's
Tension pneumothorax
Tamponade
Toxic and/or therapeutic
Thromboembolism / mechanical obstruction