Cyclones Flashcards Preview

Geography vocab > Cyclones > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cyclones Deck (14):
1

Tropical cyclones only form where seawater temperatures are above___?

26.5°C

2

What is their geographical distribution?

in the tropics starting between 5° and 30° of latitude.

3

When do they often occur?

summer and autumn

4

Three names for a cyclone?

Cyclone, Hurricane and Typhoon

5

Three characteristics of cyclones?

Low pressure, Rotation and Structure

6

What is the name of Earth's spin?

Coriolis Force

7

How do Tropical cyclones intensify?

- Warm water temperature
- Low wind shear
- High humidity

8

What makes Tropical Cyclones dissipate?

- When they reach land
- Sea water cools down
- If it collides with separate weather systems with opposite wind directions

9

What scale classifies cyclones?

The Saffir-Simpson scale

10

What are secondary hazards of Cyclones?

- Storm Surges
- Landslides
- Coastal Flooding

11

What damage can a cyclone have?

Structural, Mental, Physical and Financial

12

Why are satellites used?

To spot and track cyclones

13

Why are Forecasters used?

To predict storm behaviour and characteristics

14

What are the vulnerability factors?

Physical - low-lying coastal areas
Social - Poorer regions = densely populated
Economic - Wealthier countries have better tracking technology and thus can be better prepared