Data, Information and Knowledge Flashcards Preview

ICT A-level > Data, Information and Knowledge > Flashcards

Flashcards in Data, Information and Knowledge Deck (10):
1

What is the definition of data?

Data is a collection of raw facts and figures

2

State an example of data.

Data could be numbers, characters, transaction, dates, true/false values, symbols or readings from sensors.
Example: 1:03, 1:07, 1:15.

3

Where on a computer can data be stored?

The raw facts and figures (data) may easily be stored in a computer database, spreadsheet or text file.

4

Does a datum as it stand have any significance or value?

No. Data has no significance or value until information and knowledge are applied.

5

What is the definition of information?

Information is processed data. Information has a context which makes it meaningful, Computers output information.

6

State an example of information.

Example: 1:03, 1:07, 1:15 minutes, times in a swimming race.
The data has been processed by sorting the times in ascending order, fastest first so that the winner can be identified.

7

What is an easy way to remember the definition of information?

Information = data + context

8

What is the definition of knowledge?

Knowledge is gained by interpreting and applying rules to information. It is the basis for informed decisions.

9

What is knowledge derived from?

Information. It does so by applying rules to it.

10

State an example of knowledge.

Example: the person with the time 1:03 has won because the rule is that; the person who completes the swim in the shortest time is the winner.