Deaf Culture Vocab 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Deaf Culture Vocab 1 Deck (24):
1

Adventitious Deafness

Deafness that occurs after birth; illness or accident
*usually spinal meningitis

2

Congenital Deafness

Deafness at birth

3

Deaf Community

Deaf people like to live near each other

4

Expressive Skill

Ability to accurately communicate ASL to others

5

Receptive Skill

Ability to accurately understand someone communicating ASL to you

6

Non-manual Behavior

Visual cues not signed with hand(s) that are part of the sign

7

Lipreading/Speechreading

A method of understanding unheard messages by observing lip and facial movements

8

Cued Speech

Used in tandem with lipreading; combo of hand shapes that represent some vowels and consonants and where they're placed on face

9

Iconicity

The characteristic of a sign to resemble what it represents

10

Syntax

The order or structure of words to form a sentence (grammar rules)

11

Initialized Sign

Your hand shape is the first letter of the English word

12

Manually Coded English

The umbrella term for a group of signing systems that used English grammer

13

Seeing Essential English (SEE 1)

Idea of SEE 1: sign for car + sign for pet = carpet

14

Signing Exact English (SEE 2)

Devised to teach deaf students English grammar; made up words

15

Pidgin (PSE)/ Contact Sign

Blend of two languages

16

Linguistics of Visual English (LOVE)

A system of notating in written form the ASL signs

17

Finger Spelling

(In the U.S.) using one hand to represent all 26 letters of the alphabet

18

Conceptually Accurate Signed English (CASE)

(Last MCE) Pay attention to what the signs mean, instead of what they say

19

American Sign Language (ASL)

Language used by the Deaf community

20

Children of Deaf Adults (CODA)

Hearing children that have deaf parents

21

Simultaneous Method of Communication (SimCom)

The use of both manual and oral communication at the same time

22

Code-switching

A tactic that deaf people use to communicate with hearing signers

23

William Stokoe

Proved that ASL was a real language

24

Five Parameters of a Sign

1. Hand Shape (what it looks like?)
2. Location (where is the sign?)
3. Movement (does the sign move? if so, how?)
4. Palm Orientation (facing out, up, down?)
5. Non-Manual (does it have a non-manual action?)