Dear Old Medina Flashcards Preview

ANCIENT 2017 > Dear Old Medina > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dear Old Medina Deck (31):
1

When was it built?

18th dynasty, over 3000 years ago

2

What is the ancient name and what does it mean?

Set maat, place of truth

3

What does Deur El Medina mean?

Monastry of the town

4

Where was it located?

West bank of the nile, directky across from Thebes

5

How did the village grow?

Grew from about 12 houses lining a desert track, which kater became the main street. It was established in military lines

6

Who excavated the vilkage from 1862? And what did he do?

Gaston Maspero. He discovered ostraca and the unrobbed tomb of Kha and Meryt

7

Ostraca

Bits of broken pottery and limestone used as writing material

8

How many people?

600

9

Ladder if medina workers

Foreman
Scribe
Guardians
Door keepers
Servants in place of truth
Servants of tomb
Children
Female slaves

10

Literary sources discovered?

1500 literary works.
Book of the dead
Sinuhe the Egyption (story of a runaway)
The Satire of the Trades (describing crafts)
Instructions of Ptahotep and Ani (entailing how people should behave)
plus hymns and erotic writings

11

Currency?

Deben. 1 goat = 3 deben, sandals always = 1 or 2 deben

12

Khet

Body

13

Ka

Soul

14

Akh

Spirit

15

Shadow

A blacked out figure

16

Name

On tomb, helped spirit come home

17

Ba

Second spirit came into existence after death

18

Types of tomb

Freestanding, rock cut, pyramidion

19

Amulets

Eye of horace, ank, scarab beetle, gade

20

Magic and curses

Against the dead and the living

21

Why is deir el medina such an important site archaelogically?

Provides a wealth of information about the lives of everyday workers. Thousands of well preserved ostraka have also been discovered

22

When was the first village established? Who was the pharoah?

Amenhotep 1 in 1545-1525BC

23

Describe the layout of the village ?

By its final stage, 70 houses stood within the village walls and 50 outside. The layout was sorrounded by a wall

24

Identify the layout of a typical house

A typical working family's house contained a room with a boxed bed, reception room, cellar, storeroom, bedroom stairs to the roof , kitchen, and walls

25

What sort of furniture has survived ?

Well made and beautifully crafted. Stools, chairs, tables, reed mats, wooden beds and oil lamps

26

How did the work gangs operate?

The work gangs operated in left and right gangs working in shifts. The gangs included stonemasons and sculptors

27

What was the book of the dead?

Was the single most important funerary book to enable the deceased to enter the afterlife. It provided instructions

28

What did the cult of the pharoah involve?

Total worship of the pharoah. Involved praise and prayer

29

What do the contents of a tomb reveal about the life of a worker?

It reveals the implements they used and what they needed or valued in daily life

30

Shuty

Tax collector

31

Ostraka

Writing surface limestone flakes