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ANCIENT 2017 > Definitions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Definitions Deck (25):
1

Archaeology

the systematic study of antiquities as a means of reconstructing the pasr

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Artefact

an object made by a human being, typically one of cultural or historical interest.

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Ecofact

organic material found at an archaeological site that carries archaeological significance

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Anthropology

The study of mankind and their past societies and cultures

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Physical anthropology

the branch of anthropology concerned with the study of human biological and physiological characteristics and their development

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Eras

Late pleistacene, holoscene

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Anachronism

a thing belonging or appropriate to a period other than that in which it exists, especially a thing that is conspicuously old-fashioned.

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Relative dating

the science of determining the relative order of past events. Eg) stratigrophy, typology, seriation

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Stratigraphy

the branch of geology concerned with the order and relative position of strata and their relationship to the geological timescale.

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Typology

a classification according to general type

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Absolute dating

the process of determining an exact age on a specified chronology in archaeology. Eg) carbon14 dating, thermoluminescence, optical stimulated luminescence

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Carbon 14 dating

method for determining the age of an object containing organic material by using the properties of radiocarbon, a radioactive isotope of carbon. Works for 50,000 - 70,000 years

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Thermoluminescence

the property of some materials which have accumulated energy over a long period of becoming luminescent when pretreated and subjected to high temperatures, used as a means of dating ancient ceramics and other artefacts.

14

Optically stimulated lumiescence

dating technique used to date the last time quartz sediment was exposed to light

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Evidence

the available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid. Eg) archaeological, written

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Archaeological evidence

Eg) bones

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Written evidence

Numismatic (coins)
Epigraphic
Literary

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Dendrochronology

dating archaeological artefacts by using the characteristic patterns of annual growth rings in timber and tree trunks.

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Primary source

an artifact, a document, diary, manuscript, autobiography, a recording, or any other source of information that was created at the time under study

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Secondary source

created later by someone who did not experience first-hand or participate in the events or conditions you're researching

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Site location

Surveying, ariel shoits, metal detecting

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Seriation dating

relative dating method in which assemblages or artifacts from numerous sites, in the same culture, are placed in chronological order. It can be used to date stone tools, pottery fragments, and other artifacts.

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Preservation methods

Aridity, ash, water, ice, peat bog

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Robust

Strongly built bones

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Gracile

Slender and slight