Flashcards in Definitions Deck (25):
the systematic study of antiquities as a means of reconstructing the pasr
an object made by a human being, typically one of cultural or historical interest.
organic material found at an archaeological site that carries archaeological significance
The study of mankind and their past societies and cultures
the branch of anthropology concerned with the study of human biological and physiological characteristics and their development
Late pleistacene, holoscene
a thing belonging or appropriate to a period other than that in which it exists, especially a thing that is conspicuously old-fashioned.
the science of determining the relative order of past events. Eg) stratigrophy, typology, seriation
the branch of geology concerned with the order and relative position of strata and their relationship to the geological timescale.
a classification according to general type
the process of determining an exact age on a specified chronology in archaeology. Eg) carbon14 dating, thermoluminescence, optical stimulated luminescence
Carbon 14 dating
method for determining the age of an object containing organic material by using the properties of radiocarbon, a radioactive isotope of carbon. Works for 50,000 - 70,000 years
the property of some materials which have accumulated energy over a long period of becoming luminescent when pretreated and subjected to high temperatures, used as a means of dating ancient ceramics and other artefacts.
Optically stimulated lumiescence
dating technique used to date the last time quartz sediment was exposed to light
the available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid. Eg) archaeological, written
dating archaeological artefacts by using the characteristic patterns of annual growth rings in timber and tree trunks.
an artifact, a document, diary, manuscript, autobiography, a recording, or any other source of information that was created at the time under study
created later by someone who did not experience first-hand or participate in the events or conditions you're researching
Surveying, ariel shoits, metal detecting
relative dating method in which assemblages or artifacts from numerous sites, in the same culture, are placed in chronological order. It can be used to date stone tools, pottery fragments, and other artifacts.
Aridity, ash, water, ice, peat bog
Strongly built bones