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Balam's GRE Words > Deck 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Deck 3 Deck (100):
0

Sacrosanct

adj.
1. extremely sacred or inviolable.
2. regarded or treated as being above or beyond interference, criticism, etc.

1

Clarion


adj.
Loud and clear; inspiring: "a clarion call to resistance."
n.
1. A medieval trumpet with a shrill clear tone.

2

Ignominious

adj.
1. Deserving or bringing disgrace or shame; despicable; contemptible.
2. Degrading; debasing: "The young people huddled with their sodden gritty towels and ignominious goosebumps inside the gray-shingled bathhouse" (John Updike).

3

Peremptory


adj.
1. Putting an end to all debate or action: a peremptory decree.
2. Not allowing contradiction or refusal; imperative: The officer issued peremptory commands.
3. Having the nature of or expressing a command; urgent: The teacher spoke in a peremptory tone.
4. Offensively self-assured; dictatorial: a swaggering, peremptory manner.

4

Paramount


adj.
1. Of chief concern or importance: "tending first to one's paramount needs."
2. Supreme in rank, power, or authority.

5

Pharisaical


adj.
Hypocritically self-righteous and condemnatory.

6

August


adj.
1. Inspiring awe or admiration; majestic: "the august presence of the monarch. "
2. Venerable for reasons of age or high rank.

7

Illimitable


adj.
Impossible to limit or circumscribe; limitless. boundless; infinite.

8

Grandiose


adj.
1. Characterized by greatness of scope or intent; grand.
2. Characterized by feigned or affected grandeur; pompous.

9

Egregious


adj
1. outstandingly bad; offensive; flagrant: "an egregious lie."
2. distinguished; eminent

10

Premonitory


n.
1. A presentiment of the future; a foreboding.
2. A warning in advance; a forewarning.

11

Acrid


adj.
1. Unpleasantly sharp, pungent, or bitter to the taste or smell.
2. Caustic in language, tone or nature.

12

Irate


adj.
1. Extremely angry; enraged.
2. Characterized or occasioned by anger: "an irate phone call."

13

Acquisitive


adj.
1. Characterized by a strong desire to gain and possess, often greedily.
2. Tending to acquire and retain ideas or information: "an acquisitive mind."

14

Doughty


adj.
Marked by stouthearted courage; brave. Hardy; resolute; valiant.

15

Stark


adj
1. (usually prenominal) devoid of any elaboration; blunt: the stark facts.
2. grim; desolate: "a stark landscape."
3. (usually prenominal) utter; absolute: "stark folly."
4. severe; violent
5. rigid, as in death (esp in the phrases "stiff and stark," "stark dead")
adv
6. completely: "stark mad."

16

Moribund


adj.
1. Approaching death; about to die.
2. On the verge of becoming obsolete: "moribund customs"; a "moribund way of life."
3. Stagnant; without force or vitality.

17

Adamant


adj.
Impervious to pleas, appeals, or reason; stubbornly unyielding.

n.
1. A stone once believed to be impenetrable in its hardness.
2. An extremely hard substance.

18

Sanguinary


adj
1. accompanied by much bloodshed
2. bloodthirsty
3. consisting of, flowing, or stained with blood

19

Motley


1. Having elements of great variety or incongruity; heterogeneous.
2. Having many colors; variegated; parti-colored: "a motley tunic."

20

Rife


adj.
1. In widespread existence, practice, or use; increasingly prevalent."rumor was rife in the village."
2. Abundant or numerous.

21

Extort


tr.v.
To obtain from another by coercion or intimidation. To twist out by force.

22

Insuperable


adj.
Impossible to overcome; insurmountable: "insuperable odds."

23

Nonpareil


adj.
Having no equal; peerless: "the Yankees' nonpareil center fielder."
n.
1. A person or thing that has no equal; a paragon.


24

Exultant


adj
1. elated or jubilant, esp because of triumph or success.

25

Retort

v.intr.
1. To make a reply, especially a quick, caustic, or witty one. To turn someone's remark back on them.
2. To present a counterargument.
3. To return like for like; retaliate.

26

Lout


n.
An awkward and stupid person; an oaf. A crude and boorish person.

28

Pandemonium


n
1. wild confusion; uproar
2. a place of uproar and chaos
[C17: coined by Milton to designate the capital of hell in Paradise Lost, from pan- + Greek daimōndemon]

29

Effulgence


n.
A brilliant radiance.

30

Pittance


n.
1. A meager monetary allowance, wage, or remuneration.
2. A very small amount: "not a pittance of remorse."

31

Attrition


n.
1. A rubbing away or wearing down by friction.
2. A gradual diminution in number or strength because of constant stress.
3. A gradual, natural reduction in membership or personnel, as through retirement, resignation, or death.
4. Repentance for sin motivated by fear of punishment rather than by love of God.

32

Defection

1. abandonment of duty, allegiance, principles, etc; backsliding
2. Act or instance of disowning allegiance to one's country to take up residence in another: "a Soviet citizen who defected to Israel."
3. To abandon a position or association, often to join an opposing group: "defected from the party over the issue of free trade."

33

Maelstrom


n.
1. A violent or turbulent situation: "caught in the maelstrom of war."
2. A whirlpool of extraordinary size or violence.

34

Exaction

n.
1. act of demanding or levying by force or authority; "exaction of tribute"; "exaction of various dues and fees"
2. an excessive or harsh demand, esp for money; extortion

35

Avidity


1. Ardent desire or craving; eagerness.
2. Keen interest or enthusiasm: "followed the tournament with avidity."

36

Stricture


n.
1. A restraint, limit, or restriction.
2. An adverse remark or criticism; censure.

37

Lurid

adj.
1. Causing shock or horror bc of savagery and violence; gruesome.
2. Marked by sensationalism, ghastly, vivid in shocking detail: "a lurid account of the crime."
3. Glowing or shining with the glare of fire through a haze; glowing with an unnatural glare: "lurid flames."
4. Sallow or pallid in color; wan; sickly yellow.

37

Scot-free


adv.
1. Without having to pay: "got away from the restaurant scot-free."
2. Without incurring any penalty or punishment: "came away from the incident scot-free."

38

Venial


adj.
1. Easily excused or forgiven; pardonable: a venial offense.
2. (Roman Catholic Church) Minor, therefore warranting only temporal punishment.

39

Invidious


adj
1. incurring or tending to arouse resentment, unpopularity, etc: an invidious task.
2. (of comparisons or distinctions) unfairly or offensively discriminating
3. grudging; envious

40

Sanguine


adj.
1.
a. Of the color of blood; red.
b. Of a healthy reddish color; ruddy: a sanguine complexion.
2. Archaic
a. Having blood as the dominant humor in terms of medieval physiology.
b. Having the temperament and ruddy complexion formerly thought to be characteristic of a person dominated by this humor; passionate.
3. Cheerfully confident; optimistic.

Word History: The similarity in form between sanguine, "cheerfully optimistic," and sanguinary, "bloodthirsty," may prompt one to wonder how they have come to have such different meanings. The explanation lies in medieval physiology with its notion of the four humors or bodily fluids (blood, bile, phlegm, and black bile). The relative proportions of these fluids was thought to determine a person's temperament. If blood was the predominant humor, one had a ruddy face and a disposition marked by courage, hope, and a readiness to fall in love. Such a temperament was called sanguine, the Middle English ancestor of our word sanguine. The source of the Middle English word was Old French sanguin, itself from Latin sanguineus. Both the Old French and Latin words meant "bloody," "blood-colored," Old French sanguin having the sense "sanguine in temperament" as well. Latin sanguineus was in turn derived from sanguis, "blood," just as English sanguinary is. The English adjective sanguine, first recorded in Middle English before 1350, continues to refer to the cheerfulness and optimism that accompanied a sanguine temperament but no longer has any direct reference to medieval physiology.

41

Antipode


n.
A direct, exact or diametrical opposite.

43

Surreptitious


adj
1. done, acquired, etc, in secret or by improper means
2. operating by stealth
3. characterized by fraud or misrepresentation of the truth

44

Denunciatory

adj.
1. Containing warning of punishment; especially a public condemnation or censure.
2. Causing blame to be imputed to, by accusing another of a crime before a public prosecutor; inculpatory.

45

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

1. Unpleasantly sharp, pungent, or bitter to the taste or smell.
2. Caustic in language, tone or nature.

Acrid

46

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

1. Of chief concern or importance
2. Supreme in rank, power, or authority.

Paramount

47

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

Marked by stouthearted courage; brave. Hardy; resolute; valiant.

Doughty

48

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following?

1. To make a reply, especially a quick, caustic, or witty one. To turn someone's remark back on them.
2. To present a counterargument.
3. To return like for like; retaliate.

Retort

49

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

1. In widespread existence, practice, or use; increasingly prevalent.
2. Abundant or numerous.

Rife

50

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

Loud and clear; inspiring

Clarion

51

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

1. Putting an end to all debate or action.
2. Not allowing contradiction or refusal; imperative.
3. Having the nature of or expressing a command;urgent.
4. Offensively self-assured; dictatorial


Peremptory

52

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

1. Approaching death; about to die.
2. On the verge of becoming obsolete.
3. Stagnant; without force or vitality.

Moribund

53

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

1. extremely sacred or inviolable.
2. regarded or treated as being above or beyond interference, criticism etc.

Sacrosanct

54

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

1. A presentiment of the future; a foreboding.
2. A warning in advance; a forewarning.

Premonitory

55

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

1. Deserving or bringing disgrace or shame; despicable; contemptible.
2. Degrading; debasing.

Ignominious

56

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:


1. Characterized by greatness of scope or intent; grand.
2. Characterized by feigned or affected grandeur; pompous.

Grandiose

57

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

Hypocritically self-righteous and condemnatory.

Pharisaical

58

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

Impossible to limit or circumscribe; limitless. boundless; infinite.

Illimitable

59

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

Impossible to overcome; insurmountable.

Insuperable

60

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

1. Inspiring awe or admiration; majestic.
2. Venerable for reasons of age or high rank.

August

61

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

1. devoid of any elaboration; blunt.
2. grim; desolate.
3. utter; absolute
4. severe; violent
5. rigid, as in death
adv
6. completely

Stark

62

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:


1. Extremely angry; enraged.
2. Characterized or occasioned by anger

Irate

63

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

1. outstandingly bad; offensive; flagrant
2. distinguished; eminent

Egregious

64

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following?

1. Characterized by a strong desire to gain and possess, often greedily.
2. Tending to retain ideas or information

Aquisitive

65

Which one of your vocabulary words mean?


1. Having elements of great variety or incongruity; heterogeneous.
2. Having many colors; variegated; parti-colored

Motley

66

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:


adj.
Impervious to pleas, appeals, or reason; stubbornly unyielding.

n.
1. A stone once believed to be impenetrable in its hardness.
2. An extremely hard substance.

Adamant

67

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

Having no equal; peerless

Nonpareil

68

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following?

1. A meager monetary allowance, wage, or remuneration.
2. A very small amount.

Pittance

69

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following?

1. A restraint, limit, or restriction.
2. An adverse remark or criticism; censure.

Stricture

70

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following?

1. elated or jubilant, esp because of triumph or success

Exultant

71

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following?

1. Ardent desire or craving; eagerness.
2. Keen interest or enthusiasm.

Avidity

72

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

To obtain from another by coercion or intimidation. To twist out by force.

Extort

73

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following?


An awkward and stupid person; an oaf.

Lout

74

Which one of your vocabulary words mean?

A brilliant radiance.

Effulgence

75

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following?

1. A rubbing away or wearing down by friction.
2. A gradual diminution in number or strength because of constant stress.
3. A gradual, natural reduction in membership or personnel, as through retirement, resignation, or death.
4. Repentance for sin motivated by fear of punishment rather than by love of God.

Attrition

76

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following?

1. abandonment of duty, allegiance, principles, etc; backsliding
2. Act or instance of disowning allegiance to one's country to take up residence in another.

Defection

77

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following?

1. wild confusion; uproar
2. a place of uproar and chaos

Pandemonium

78

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following?

1. act of demanding or levying by force or authority.
2. an excessive or harsh demand, esp for money; extortion

Exaction

79

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following?

1. Easily excused or forgiven; pardonable

Venial

80

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following?

1. A violent or turbulent situation.
2. A whirlpool of extraordinary size or violence.

Maelstrom

81

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following?


1. Causing shock or horror bc of savagery and violence; gruesome.
2. Marked by sensationalism, ghastly, vivid in shocking detail.
3. glowing with an unnatural glare
4. Sallow or pallid in color; wan; sickly yellow.

Lurid

82

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following?

1. Without having to pay
2. Without incurring any penalty or punishment

Scot-free

83

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following?

1. Containing warning of punishment; especially a public condemnation or censure.
2. Causing blame to be imputed to, by accusing another of a crime before a public prosecutor; inculpatory.

Denunciatory

84

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following?

1. done, acquired, etc, in secret or by improper means
2. operating by stealth
3. characterized by fraud or misrepresentation of the truth

Surreptitious

85

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following?

A direct, exact or diametrical opposite.

Antipode

86

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following:

1. incurring or tending to arouse resentment, unpopularity.
2. (of comparisons or distinctions) unfairly or offensively discriminating
3. grudging; envious

Invidious

87

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following:

adj
1. accompanied by much bloodshed
2. bloodthirsty
3. consisting of, flowing, or stained with blood

Sanguinary

88

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

Cheerfully optimistic, hopeful and confident.

Sanguine

89

Mordant


adj.
1.
a. Bitingly sarcastic: mordant satire.
b. Incisive and trenchant: an inquisitor's mordant questioning.
2. Bitingly painful.
3. Serving to fix colors in dyeing.

Latin: mordere: to bite

90

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following:


1.
a. Bitingly sarcastic
b. Incisive and trenchant
2. Bitingly painful.
3. Serving to fix colors in dyeing.

Mordant

91

Ineffaceable


adj.
Impossible to efface; indelible.

92

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following:

adj.
indelible.

Ineffaceable

93

Beetling


adj.
Jutting; overhanging: beetle brows.
intr.v. bee·tled, bee·tling, bee·tles
To jut; overhang: "The rocks often beetled over the road" (Washington Irving).

94

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following:


adj.
Jutting; overhanging
intr.v
To jut; overhang

Beetling

95

Refractory


adj.
1. Obstinately resistant to authority or control. See Synonyms at unruly.
2. Difficult to melt or work; resistant to heat: a refractory material such as silica.
3. Resistant to treatment: a refractory case of acne.

Latin: fract--> to break into pieces. infraction: breaking a rule; fraction: broken part of a number; fracture

96

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following:

adj.
1. Obstinately resistant to authority or control, unbreakable.
2. Difficult to melt or work; resistant to heat.
3. Resistant to treatment.

Refractory

97

Noisome


adj.
1. Offensive to the point of arousing disgust; foul, esp. of smell: a noisome odor.
2. Harmful or dangerous: noisome fumes.

98

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following:

adj.
1. Offensive to the point of arousing disgust; foul, esp. of smell.
2. Harmful or dangerous, noxious.

Noisome

99

Tenuous

adj.
1. lacking a sound basis; unsubstantiated; weak. "A tenuous claim."
2. thin or slender in form. "The spider spins its tenuous web."
3. thin in consistency; rare or rarefied. "A tenuous fluid is not viscous."
4. of slight importance or significance; unsubstantial.

100

Which one of your vocabulary words mean the following:

adj.
1. lacking a sound basis; unsubstantiated; weak.
2. thin or slender in form.
3. thin in consistency; rare or rarefied.
4. of slight importance or significance; unsubstantial.

Tenuous