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Balam's GRE Words > Deck 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Deck 5 Deck (100):
0

Pernicious
(adj)

Adj.
1. exceedingly harmful, noxious.
2. working or spreading in a hidden and usually injurious way; "an insidious disease"; "a subtle poison"

1

Peruse


tr.v.
1. To read or examine, typically with great care., thoroughly.
2. Usage Problem To glance over; skim.

2

Squalid
(adj)


adj.
1. Dirty or deteriorated, especially from poverty or lack of care. See Synonyms at dirty.
2. Morally repulsive; sordid: "the squalid atmosphere of intrigue, betrayal, and counterbetrayal" (W. Bruce Lincoln).

3

Neophyte
(n)


1. A beginner or novice: a neophyte at politics.
2. A recent convert to a belief; a proselyte.

4

Urbane
(adj)


Polite, refined, and often elegant in manner.

5

Dissemble
(v)


To disguise or conceal one's real nature, motives, or feelings behind a false appearance.

To disguise or conceal behind a false appearance.

6

Vilify
(v)


tr.v.
1. To attack the reputation of (a person or thing) with strong or abusive criticism.
2. to revile with abusive or defamatory language; malign: "he has been vilified in the tabloid press."
2. to make vile; debase; degrade

7

Fortuitous
(adj)


adj.
1. Happening by accident or chance.
2. Resulting in good fortune; lucky.

8

Rancorous
(adj)

Adj. 1. showing deep-seated resentment; "preserve...from rancourous envy of the rich"- Aldous Huxley

9

Pedantic
(adj)


adj.
Characterized by a narrow, often ostentatious concern for academic knowledge and formal rules: a pedantic attention to details.

10

Recondite
(adj)


adj.
1. Not easily understood; requiring special knowledge; abstruse or obscure: "To gain a reputation for wisdom a man must seem to have a store of recondite knowledge" (Bertrand Russell).
2. Concealed; hidden.

11

Pith
(n)

1. The essential or central part; the heart or essence: The pith of your argument is controversial.
2. Strength; vigor; mettle.
3. Significance; importance: matters of great pith.

12

Spurious
(adj)


adj.
1. Lacking authenticity or validity in essence or origin; not genuine: spurious poems attributed to Shakespeare.
2. Not trustworthy; dubious or fallacious: spurious reasoning; a spurious justification.
3. Archaic Born to unwed parents.

13

Contiguous
(adj)


adj.
1. Sharing an edge or boundary; touching.
2. Neighboring; adjacent.
3.
a. Connecting without a break: the 48 contiguous states.
b. Connected in time; uninterrupted: served two contiguous terms in office.
[From Latin contiguus, from contingere, contig-, to touch; see contact.]

14

Desiccate
(v)


1. To dry out thoroughly.
2. To preserve (foods) by removing the moisture. See Synonyms at dry.
3. To make dry, dull, or lifeless: "Stalinism desiccated the grassroots of urban government" (Timothy J. Colton).

15

Surfeit
(v) (n)

v.tr.
To feed or supply to excess, satiety, or disgust.
v.intr. Archaic
To overindulge.
n.
1.
a. Overindulgence in food or drink.
b. The result of such overindulgence; satiety or disgust.
2. An excessive amount.

16

Inimical
(adj)


1. Injurious or harmful in effect; adverse: habits inimical to good health.
2. Unfriendly; hostile: a cold, inimical voice.

[C17: from Late Latin inimīcālis, from inimīcus, from in-1 + amīcus friendly; see enemy]

17

Ingratiating
(adj)


adj.
1. Pleasing; agreeable: "Reading requires an effort.... Print is not as ingratiating as television" (Robert MacNeil).
2. Calculated to please or win favor: an unctuous, ingratiating manner.

18

Astringent
(adj)


adj
1. severe; harsh
2. sharp or invigorating
3. (Medicine) causing contraction of body tissues, checking blood flow, or restricting secretions of fluids; styptic

19

Trenchant
(adj)


adj
1. keen or incisive: trenchant criticism.
2. vigorous and effective: a trenchant foreign policy.
3. distinctly defined: a trenchant outline.
4. sharp: a trenchant sword.

20

Sedulous
(adj)

Diligent, persistent, persevering and constant in effort or application; assiduous.

21

Divulge
(v)

1. To make known (something private or secret); disclose.

22

Color
(v)

1. To misrepresent, especially by distortion or exaggeration: "color the facts."
2. To gloss over; excuse: "a parent who colored the children's lies."
3. To exert an influence on; affect: "The war colored the soldier's life."
4. To give a distinctive character or quality to; modify: "Both books are colored by the author's childhood experiences" (Deborah M. Locke).

23

Tout
(v)


1. To promote or praise energetically; publicize: "For every study touting the benefits of hormone therapy, another warns of the risks" (Yanick Rice Lamb).
2. To solicit or importune: street vendors who were touting pedestrians.

24

Fell
(adj)


adj.
1. Of an inhumanly cruel nature; fierce: fell hordes.
2. Capable of destroying; lethal: a fell blow.
3. Dire; sinister: by some fell chance.
4. Scots Sharp and biting.

25

Inchoate


1. Being in a beginning or early stage; incipient: "The country was developing an incipient national art, an inchoate national literature" (Jay Winik).
2. Imperfectly formed or developed; disordered or incoherent: "A prophet must be a good public speaker, someone who can transform inchoate rage into eloquent diatribe" (David Leavitt).

26

Die
(n)

A device used for cutting out, forming, or stamping material.

27

Vexation
(n)


n.
1. The condition of being vexed; annoyance: frowned in vexation.
2. A source of irritation or annoyance: could no longer bear the vexations of the job.

29

Flip
(adj)

adj.
Marked by casual disrespect; impertinent; sarcastic: "a flip answer to a serious question." (as in flippant)

30

Broach
(v)



1.
a. To bring up (a subject) for discussion or debate.
b. To announce: We broached our plans for the new year.
2. To pierce in order to draw off liquid: broach a keg of beer.
3. To draw off (a liquid) by piercing a hole in a cask or other container.
4. To shape or enlarge (a hole) with a tapered, serrated tool.

32

Intimate
(v)


1.
a. To state or express indirectly, insinuate. "She intimated that she did not want him to call back."
b. To make evident indirectly: "His worn clothes intimated that he was in need of money."

33

Vituperate
(v)


To rebuke or criticize harshly or angrily; berate; scold.
v.intr.
To use harshly critical or irate language; rail.

34

Lumber
(v)



1. To walk or move clumsily or heavily.
2. To move with a rumbling noise.

35

Disparage
(v)


1. To speak of in a slighting or disrespectful way.
2. To reduce in esteem or rank.

Synonyms: disparage, denigrate, belittle, depreciate
These verbs mean to minimize the value or importance of someone or something. Disparage implies a critical or dismissive attitude often accompanied by disrespect: "Leaders who wouldn't be caught dead making religious or ethnic slurs don't hesitate to disparage the 'godless' among us" (Daniel C. Dennett).
Denigrate often adds a note of contempt: "elitist music critics who denigrated jazz by portraying it as inferior to the classical tradition" (Tyler Stovall).
Belittle means to reduce someone or something to a lowly status, often in an arrogant or hurtful manner: "those who would mock and belittle others simply on the basis of their physical appearance" (Tyler Dilts).
Depreciate implies the assignment of a low estimation of value or worth, though the judgment it expresses is generally less disdainful than in the previous terms: "[19th-century American] literature was still mainly subservient to English models and depreciated as secondhand and second rate" (Chronology of American Literature).

37

Brook
(n)



To put up with; tolerate: "We will brook no further argument."

38

Nice
(adj)

4. subtle, delicate, or discriminating: a nice point in the argument.
5. precise; skilful: a nice fit.
6. fastidious; respectable: he was not too nice about his methods.

39

Ford
(v)


to cross (a river, brook, etc) over a shallow area.

40

Grouse
(v)

To complain; grumble.

41

Meet
(adj)


adj. Archaic
Fitting; proper.

"It seems not meet, nor wholesome to my place" (Shakespeare).

42

Sap
(v) (n)

(v)
To deplete gradually, to weaken the vitality of, enervate.

(n)
A fool, a nitwit, a gullible person.

43

Milk
(v)

Exploit; squeeze every last ounce of;
to get something from; exploit: "The swindler milked her of all her savings."
to extract; draw out: "milking laughs from the audience."

44

Damp
(v)


1. To make damp or moist; moisten.
2. To suppress or extinguish (a fire) by reducing or cutting off air.
3. To restrain or check; discourage: news that damped our enthusiasm.
4. Music To slow or stop the vibrations of (the strings of a keyboard instrument) with a damper.
5. Physics To decrease the amplitude of (an oscillating system).

45

Pluck
(n)

courage, usually in the face of difficulties or hardship; spunk; fortitude.

46

Which one of your vocab words mean:

1. to revile with abusive or defamatory language; malign.
2. to make vile; debase; degrade.

Vilify
(v)

47

Plastic
(adj)


1. Capable of being shaped or formed, moldable, pliable, malleable. "plastic material such as clay"

48

Prize
(v) (n)


(v)
To move or force with a lever; pry: "prized open the antique chest."

(n)
Something taken by force; spoils.

49

Which one of your vocab words mean:
To disguise or conceal behind a false appearance.

Dissemble
(v)

50

List
(v)


To lean or cause to lean to the side: "The damaged ship listed badly to starboard." "Erosion first listed, then toppled the spruce tree."

51

Fell
(v)


1.
a. To cause to fall by striking; cut or knock down: fell a tree; fell an opponent in boxing.
b. To kill: was felled by an assassin's bullet.

52

Occult
(adj)


1. of or pertaining to any system claiming use or knowledge of secret or supernatural powers or agencies.
2. beyond ordinary knowledge or understanding.
3. secret; disclosed or communicated only to the initiated.
4. hidden from view.

53

Which one of your vocab words mean:

In an initial stage; not fully formed.

Inchoate

54

Amenable


adj.
1.
a. Willing to accept a suggestion or submit to authority: "a class that is all the more amenable to control for living perpetually under the threat of deportation" (Amitav Ghosh).
b. Ready to consent; agreeable: Are you amenable to a change in schedule?
2. Responsible to higher authority; accountable: amenable to the law. See Synonyms at responsible.
3. Susceptible or open, as to testing or criticism: "The phenomenon of mind ... is much more complex, though also more amenable to scientific investigation, than anyone suspected" (Michael D. Lemonick).

55

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

Happening by accident or chance.

Fortuitous
(adj)

56

Which one of your vocab words mean:


Polite, refined, and often elegant in manner.

Urbane
(adj)

58

Which one of your vocab words mean:


Calculated to please or win favor

Ingratiating
(adj)

59

Which one of your vocab words mean:


adj.
1. Lacking authenticity or validity in essence or origin; not genuine.
2. Not trustworthy; dubious or fallacious.

Spurious
(adj)

61

Which one of your vocab words mean:

(v)
To feed or supply to excess, satiety, or disgust.
(n)
1. An excessive amount
a. Overindulgence in food or drink.
b. The result of such overindulgence; satiety or disgust.



Surfeit
(v) (n)

61

Presumptuous


adj.
Going beyond what is right or proper; excessively forward: "felt it was presumptuous of him to assume they had become friends."

63

Which one of your vocab words mean:


adj.
1.
a. Willing to accept a suggestion or submit to authority.
b. Ready to consent; agreeable.
2. Responsible to higher authority; accountable.
3. Susceptible or open, as to testing or criticism.

Amenable
(adj)

65

Which one of your vocab words mean:

1. severe; harsh
2. sharp or invigorating
3. causing contraction of body tissues.

Astringent
(adj)

65

Which one of your vocab words mean;


adj.
1. Sharing an edge or boundary; touching.
2. Neighboring; adjacent.
3. a. Connecting without a break.
b. Connected in time; uninterrupted.

Contiguous
(adj)

67

Which one of your vocab words means:

1. To dry out thoroughly.
2. To preserve (foods) by removing the moisture.
3. To make dry, dull, or lifeless.

Desiccate
(v)

68

Which one of your vocab words mean:


1. To speak of in a slighting or disrespectful way.
2. To reduce in esteem or rank.

Disparage
(v)

69

Which one of your vocab words mean:

To disclose something secret.

Divulge
(v)

71

Which one of your vocab words mean:

To read or examine, typically with great care, thoroughly.

Peruse
(v)

71

Which one of your vocab words mean:

1. Injurious or harmful in effect; adverse.
2. Unfriendly; hostile.


Inimical
(adj)

73

Which of your words means:


Going beyond what is right or proper; excessively forward.

Presumptuous
(adj)

74

Which of your words means:


adj.
1. Not easily understood; requiring special knowledge; abstruse or obscure.
2. Concealed; hidden.

Recondite
(adj)

75

Which one of your vocab words mean:

showing deep-seated, bitter resentment

Rancorous
(adj)

75

Which of your words means:
Marked by casual disrespect; impertinent; sarcastic.

Flip
(adj)

76

Which one of your vocab words mean:


adj.
Characterized by a narrow, often ostentatious concern for academic knowledge and formal rules. Donnish.

Pedantic
(adj)

78

Which of your words means:

courage; spunk; fortitude.

Pluck
(n)

79

Which of your words mean:


1. Of an inhumanly cruel nature; fierce
2. Capable of destroying; lethal

Fell
(adj)

82

Which of your words means:

1. keen or incisive.
2. vigorous and effective.

Trenchant
(adj)

82

Which of your words means:

Put up with; endure; tolerate.

Brook
(n)

83

Which of your words means:

To rebuke or criticize harshly or angrily; berate; scold.

Vituperate
(v)

83

Which one of your words means:

Distort; gloss over; affect; modify.

Color
(v)

84

Which one of your vocabulary words mean:

Exploit

Milk
(v)

85

Which of your words means:


annoyance; irritation, or a source of such.

Vexation
(n)

86

Which one of your vocab words mean:

1. Dirty or deteriorated, especially from poverty or lack of care.
2. Morally repulsive; sordid.

Squalid
(adj)

86

Which of your words means:

1. To promote or praise energetically; publicize.
2. To solicit or importune.

Tout
(v)

86

Which one of your words mean:

A device used for cutting out, forming, or stamping material.

Die
(n)

87

Which one of your vocab words mean:

The essential or central part; the heart or essence.

Pith
(n.)

88

Which of your words means:

Hidden, concealed,beyond comprehension

Occult
(adj)

89

Which of your words mean:

To state or express indirectly, insinuate

Intimate
(v)

89

Which one of your words means:

To lean or cause to lean to the side.

List
(v)

91

Which of your words means:

(v)
To deplete gradually, to weaken the vitality of, enervate.

(n)
A fool, a nitwit, a gullible person.

Sap
(v) (n)

92

Which of your words means:

Exacting, fastidious, precise.

Nice
(adj)

93

Which of your words means:

Capable of being shaped or formed, moldable, pliable, malleable.

Plastic
(adj)

94

Which of your words mean:

To bring up, announce.

Broach
(v)

94

Which of your words means:

to cross (a river, brook, etc) over a shallow area.

Ford
(v)

94

Which of your words means:

To walk or move clumsily or heavily

Lumber
(v)

95

Which of your words means:
Diligent, persistent, persevering, assiduous.

Sedulous
(adj)

95

Which of your words means:


To cause to fall by striking; cut or knock down.

Fell
(v)

96

Which of your words means:

(v)
To move or force with a lever; pry.

(n)
Something taken by force; spoils.

Prize
(n) (v)

97

Which one of your vocab words mean:

Exceedingly harmful in a way that is not easily seen or noticed.

Pernicious
(adj)

99

Which of your words means:


1. A beginner or novice
2. A recent convert to a belief

Neophyte
(n)

99

Which one of your words means:


To suppress or extinguish; To restrain or check; discourage;
To slow or stop the vibrations of; To decrease the amplitude of.

Damp
(v)

99

Which of your words means:

To complain; grumble.

Grouse
(v)

99

Which of your words means:

Fitting, proper.

Meet
(adj)