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Flashcards in deck_4584209 Deck (47):
1

This part of the brain Exercise particularly affects Executive function

The Prefrontal Cortex

2

This part of the brain is important for memory formation

Hippocampus

3

__________ _______ ________
* Cognitive functions that are oriented toward goal-directed behavior.
* These tasks or functions decline with age
* Dysfunction in the PFC leads to disruption in the organization and control of behavior.

Executive control processes

4

________ _______ The process whereby an individual is able to perceive, recognize or understand thoughts and ideas.
* Organizing and planning 
* problem solving 
* recongition and memory
* reaction time

Cognitive Function

5

_____ is the place you store your long term memory. 

Neuron

6

aerobic-exercise training interveniotns improve memory function.___________ is the process by which neurons are generated from the neural stem cells and progenitor cells.

Neurogenesis

7

In schools test where done to see if the more cardiovascular fit the student was the more _____ ____ _____ the child will have.

Long Term Memory  The benefits are not as easy to see with middle aged people compared to younger and older generations*

8

Kids who where fit and who had better memory,also had larger ___________

Hippocampii*Fitness increases neurons, connectivity 

9

___________ ________ Neural network involved with executive control processes  

Attentional Network

10

________ _______ _____is related with conflicing attentional tasks.

Anterior cingulate gyrus(ACG)

11

p_(#) people have shorter latency. *your reaction time is faster.

P3
* Individuals with higher levls of aerobic fitness have larger p300 pmplitudes and shorter p300 latency.
* being more fit/active enhances processing of and responding to stimuli

12

________ of brain tissue increases in age, decreasing cognitive function.

Atrophy

13

Brain tissue declines are reduced in proportion to one's fitness.this causes a "_______" effect of fitness on brain tissue 

Sparing 

14

Fit children have brains that function more effectively and efficiently than less fit kids

This causes a promising relationship between physical fitness and academic achievement.

15

Cognitive benefits:Youth:
* Academic Achievement
Youth & Adults: 
* Reaction Time
* Learning and intelligence scores
* cognitive function
Adults:Memory decline- Ability to recall short-term and long term events and informaton.

16

What physiological mechanism:
* causes cerebrial capillary growth and oxygenation
A.Brain Blood FlowB.Regulation of neurotransmittersC.Growth of brain cells

A.) Brain Blood Flow

17

What physiological mechanism:causes synaptic plasticity & Brain-derived neurotropic Factor (BDNF)A.Brain Blood FlowB.Growth of brain cellsC.Regulation of neurotransmitters

C.) Regulation of neurotransmitters

18

What physiological mechanism:Causes angiogenesisA.Brain Blood FlowB.Growth of brain cellsC.Regulation of neurotransmitters

C.) Regulation of neurotransmitters

19

_________ Hypotheses
* Selective improvement 
* cardiovascular fitness
* cerebrovascular reserve

Suggested Hypotheses

20

Exercise prescription as a treatment for cognitive dysfunction:

FITT

21

FITT:Frequency:Intensity:
* HIgh intensity exercise benefits speed of processing 
* Moderate intensitiy exercise is most beneficial for executive function 
Time (Duration):
* At least 20 Min per Session.
Type (mode): aerobic, Resistance training, Balance, Yoga.

FITT

22

_____: State of complete physical,Mental, and social well-being. (WHO,1947)

Health

23

________= optimal health and vitality 

Wellness

24

_______ _____ includes high-level mental,social,emotional,spiritual, and physical wellness within the limits of one's heredity and personal abilities.

Optimal Health 

25

Dimensions of wellness and health:
* being active
* eating well
* bieng safe and secure
 (Physical) (social) (occupational)  (intellectual) (spiritual) (emotional)

Physical

26

Dimensions of wellness and health:
* Contributing to society
* interacting with others 
* meaningful relationships
 (Physical) (social) (occupational)  (intellectual) (spiritual) (emotional)

Social

27

Dimensions of wellness and health:
* engaging in rewarding activities
* having satisfying work
* making good use of time
 (Physical) (social) (occupational)  (intellectual) (spiritual) (emotional)

Occupational 

28

Dimensions of wellness and health:
* being curious 
* exploring new skills
* sharing knowledge and experience
 (Physical) (social) (occupational)  (intellectual) (spiritual) (emotional)

Occupational 

29

Dimensions of wellness and health:
* finding meaning in life
* appreciating life,joy and beauty
* practicing your faith
 (Physical) (social) (occupational)  (intellectual) (spiritual) (emotional)

Spiritual 

30

Dimensions of wellness and health:Out of all dimensions what is the most apperent?(Physical) (social) (occupational)  (intellectual) (spiritual) (emotional)

Physical

31

_________ __ ____:Subjective and objective evaluations of the "goodness" of one's life overall.

Quality Of Life

32

The goodness of those dimensions of life that can be affected by health and by health interventionsPhysical functioning, health, emotional well-being

Health-related quality of Life (HRQoL):

33

Preventive Effect of Exercise: Prevention of risk factors
* Maintain helath status, prevent new helath conditions.
  (Prinary) (Secondary) (Tertiary)

Primary

34

Preventive Effect of Exercise: Prevention of diesase once risk factors are present.
* Directed at early diagnosis and intervention
  (Prinary) (Secondary) (Tertiary)

Secondary

35

Preventive Effect of Exercise: Reduction in the amount of disability caused by disease
* Goal is minimizing effects of disease or disability.
  (Prinary) (Secondary) (Tertiary)

Tertiary

36

National Wellness Goals:Healthy people 2010: Increase the spand of "healthy LIfe" Eliminalte health disparites  Increase access to informaton & services for all people.

Increase the spand of "healthy LIfe" Eliminalte health disparites  Increase access to informaton & services for all people.

37

________ ______:Multi-dimensional state of being tat consist of health-related and skill-rlated physical fitness componenets,each of which contributes to toatl quality of life.

Physical Fitness 

38

Physical Fitness:_____ _______-
* Cardiovascular endurance
* Muscular endurance
* Muscular strength
* Flexibility
* Body Composition

Health Related:

39

Physical Fitness:_____ _______-
* Agility 
* balance
* coordination
* power 
* spped
* Reactoin time

Skill Related:

40

____________ Disease:is Cuased from too little activity.Examples are:
* Cardiovascular disease
* cancer
* Type II Diabetes

Hypokinetic Disease.

41

__________ ______
* Ability to do the physical activites one wants to do wihtout pain or limitation Sometimes called helath-related quality of life.
* activities of daily life (ADLs)
* Instrumental activities of daily living (LADLs)

Functional Helath

42

__________ __ ______:Changes in helath and fitness status:
* A person doesn't need to experience significant objective improvements in order to derive HRQoL- enhancing benefits(subjective responses)
Changes in Self-Efficacy:
* Exercise might improve HRQoL by enhanceing individual's belief that they can control their helath.
 

Mechanisms of Change

43

________-_____ ________  Different community members and organizations in the development and delivery of information. Examples:
* Health risk appraisals 
* fitness appreaisals 
* physician counseling 
* community health & wellness fairs

Community-Wide Campains

44

_____-__-_______ promps
* posters that prompt you to engae in helathy behaviors.

Point-of decision prompts

45

_________ __________:
* Teach people behavioral skills to help initate and maintain an activity program. Physical activity beheavior changes:
* Process-> takes time to change
* progress forward and backward through stages
* Stage specific strategies are more successful at modifying behavior.

Behavioral Approaches

46

SMART Goal setting:S- ________ M- __________A-_________R-_______T-_____

SMART Goal setting:S- SpecificM- Measurable A- AchievableR- Rewarding T- Time

47

SMART Goal setting:S- Specific
* Walk 30 min/day, 5 days a week
M- Measurable 
* I will record how long i walked and the date of each walk.
A- Achievable
* Yes, I will increase the amount of time i walk each week, until i reach 30 min/day
R- Rewarding 
* Yes, i will see many health benefits that are improtant to me
T- Time
​Is my timeline doable?

SMART Goal setting:S- SpecificM- Measurable A- AchievableR- Rewarding T- Time