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Flashcards in Test 3 Deck (54):
1

______ is any uncomfortable emotional experience accompanied by predictable biochemical, physiological, and behavior changes

Stress

2

poor social skills & loneliness would be what type of external challenge?

Interpersonal

3

Cultural differences & weather are what type of external challenge?

Environmental

4

Substance abuse and nutritional access(sugar) are what type of internal challenge?

Biological

5

Perfectionism,Obsessiveness
,and Addictiveness are what type of internal challenge?

Psychological

6

______ is defined as positive stress

Eustress (SAM- Pathway)

7

_________ is defined as Negative stress

Distress (HPA- pathway)

8

Marriage,Promotion,and graduation are what type of stress?

Eustress

9

_______ is a "Pathological counterpart of normal fear.... disturbances of mood."
or a feeling of apprehension or fear

anxiety

10

______ is the type of anxiety disorder that is Excessive uncontrollable worry about everyday things. This constant worry affects daily functioning and can cause physical symptoms.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

11

This Anxiety disorder ______ has these symptoms:
-Restlessness or feeling keyed up or on edge
-Being easily fatigued
-Difficulty concentrating or mind going blank
-Irritability
-Muscle tension
-Sleep Disturbance (difficulty falling or staying asleep)

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

12

To be classified has having Generalized Anxiety Disorder, how many symptoms do you have to have?

At least 3 out of the 6

13

Which anxiety disorder does PTSD stand for?

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

14

______ is the type of anxiety disorder that is best described has a panic attack

Panic Disorder

15

______ is the type of anxiety disorder that causes people to have difficulty interacting with people and public speaking

Social Phobia

16

______ is the type of anxiety disorder that causes people to repeat specific behavior because of fear of negative events (such as: cleaning house, or Washing Hands)

OCD
(Obsessive Compulsive Disorder)

17

________ is/are Disorders that influence mood regulation beyond usual variations between sadness and happiness/excitement
-Persistent low mood and inability to find enjoyment in activities
-Lack of motivation to begin or continue activities
-Feelings of worthlessness

Depression or anxiety

18

_______ is a Depression Disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest.

Major Depression Disorder

19

_______ is a mental disorder marked by alternating periods of elation and depression.

Bipolar Disorder

20

_______ this is Persistent mild depression

Dysthymia

21

________ this is a depression disorder that is characterized by marked swings of mood between depression and elation; bipolar disorder.
(Synonymous with Bipolar)

Cyclothymia

22

________this is a potential tool in both the prevention and the treatment of anxiety and depression

Physical Activity

23

-Self-Reporting Measures
-Psychological Measures
-Physiological Measures
-Electroencephalography (EEG)
-Frontal Asymmetry
These are all good ways to measure _______?

Depression,Anxiety,& Stress

24

_______ is reduced following aerobic exercise

Anxiety,stress,depression

25

________ anxiety is a temporary feeling of anxiety. When the threatening object or situation goes away, the person no longer experiences anxiety

State Anxiety

26

_______ anxiety is more of a personality characteristic rather than a temporary feeling.

Trait Anxiety

27

What are the Acute effects of exercise on Anxiety?

-Exercise intensity of at least 70% of maximal heart rate appears to be associated with the greatest reduction in post- exercise State anxiety
-Post- exercise reductions in state anxiety return to pre-exercise anxiety levels within 24 hours.

28

Someone who is transient, has feelings of apprehension, or has heightened autonomic nervous system activity has ______ anxiety.

State anxiety

29

The _____________ hypothesis states that we are genetically predisposed to be physically active.

Anthropological

30

The _______ hypothesis:
Endorphins act to reduce pain and contribute to feelings of euphoria.
-increase in endorphins may reduce depression
-Exercise increases endorphin levels

Endorphin Hypothesis

31

This mechanism is associated with runners high

Endorphin Hypothesis

32

This mechanism states that exercise is a stimulus that increases level of neurotransmitters.

Monoamine Hypothesis

33

____________ facilitate neural impulses across synapses.

Neurotransmitters

34

This mechanism states that the psychological effects of exercise are derived from feelings of accomplishment upon completion

Mastery Hypothesis

35

_______ gives a sense of greater self-worth and personal control over the environment.

Mastery

36

This mechanism states:
-Individuals expect to feel better so they report feeling better
-Doesn't seem likely given physiology evidence PA benefits.

Expectancy Hypothesis

37

Anxiety has a higher prevalence among ________ and ___-_______ ______.

Anxiety has a higher prevalence among ________ and ___-_______ ______.

*(Females, Non-Hispanic Whites)*

38

The united states spends $42+ billion per year for _______ conditions

Anxiety

39

What does S.A.M stand for?

Sympathetic adrenal medullary axis

40

what does HPA stand for?

Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis

41

This part of the brain is in charge of decision making

Pre-frontal

42

this part of the brain is in charge of emotions.

Amygdala

43

This part of the brain is in charge of the Short-term to long term memory.

hippocampus

44

True or False:
Both pathways HPA and SAM connect to the immune system

True

45

Arousal and Alarm , Resistance and Exhaustion are the 3 stages of _______ _______ _______(_ _ _)

Arousal and alarm , resistance and exhaustion are the 3 stages of _______ _______ _______(_ _ _)

*(General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)*

46

The united states spends $83+ billion per year for _______ conditions
and is the 2nd disease burden in the U.S

Depression

47

what stage of GAS:
-initial shock (reduced activity) is followed by over-mobilization of forces within the organism to meet the shock.
-adrenal glands become enlarged as they produce more adrenaline and discharge their stored up supply of steroids

1.Arousal and Alarm

48

What stage of GAS:
This occurs after a few days, adapt and returns to normal
Blood sugar and salt levels also return to normal

2.Resistance

49

What stage of GAS:
-The acquired adaptation to the stress is lost.
-Adrenal glands again become enlarged.
-Shorter life span because of over secretion of hormones.

Exhaustion

50

Is this correct?
Sympathetic Adrenal Medullary (SAM) Axis:
-From eustress
1st = hippocampus
2nd = amygdala
3rd = pre- frontal cortex
4th = hypothalamus
Lateral hypothalamus
Activates SNS by splanchnic nerve &
Innervates adrenal medulla
Adrenal Medulla
E/NE

Yes.

51

30-60 minutes of_______ ______ (__-__% of max HR) or resistance training with high intensity will have better benefits for "depression"

30-60 minutes of_______ ______ (50-85% of max HR) or resistance training with high intensity will have better benefits for "depression"

*Aerobic Exercise (50-85%)

52

______ _______ is the best treatment for stress. There is no benefits from _________ training

______ _______ is the best treatment for stress. There is no benefits from _________ training

*(Aerobic Exercise, Resistance)*

53

when treating stress or state anxiety you want _______ intensity (__-__% of max heart rate

when treating stress or state anxiety you want _______ intensity (__-__% of max heart rate)

*(moderate, 50-75%)*

54

When treating stress,depression,or state anxiety the exercise sessions would be _-_ times per week?

When treating stress,depression,or state anxiety the exercise sessions would be _-_ times per week?

*(3-5 times)*