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Flashcards in deck_732091 Deck (17):
1

Which arteries branch off from the arch of the aorta?

1. Brachicephalic trunk which bifurcates into the right common carotid and right subclavian artery. 2. Left common carotid artery3. Left subclavian artery

2

Describe the brachiocephalic trunk

Supplies the right arm, head and neck.Bifurcates into the R subclavian and R common carotid artery

3

Describe the right subclavian artery

Branches from brachiocephalic trunk. Supplies the right arm

4

Describe the left subclavian artery

Branches from the aortic arch.Supplies the left arm

5

Describe the left common carotid artery

Branches from the arch of the aorta. Supplies the head and neck. Bifurcates into the internal carotid artery and external carotid artery

6

Describe the left common carotid artery

Branches from the ascending aorta. Supplies the head and neck. Bifurcates into the internal carotid artery and external carotid artery

7

Describe the internal carotid artery

Supplies the ipsilateral cerebral hemisphere, eye and accessory organs, forehead and part of the nose

8

Describe the external carotid artery

Supplies many branches: superior thyroid, facial, occipital, superficial temporal, maxillary

9

What artery supplies the thorax?

Thoracic aorta and its intercostal branches-- is in the posterior mediastinal cavity-- have bronchial, mediastinal, pericardial, oesophageal branches

10

Name the arteries that branch from the descending aorta from superior to inferior

Celiac ArterySuprarenal arteriesSuperior Mesenteric arteryRenal arteriesOvarian/testicular arteries Inferior mesenteric arteryAbdominal aorta

11

Describe the celiac artery

Arises from the descending aortaBranches into the: left gastric, common hepatic and splenic arteries

12

Describe the superior mesenteric artery

Arises from the descending aortaSupplies the small intestineLeaves aorta about 1cm below the celiac trunk

13

Describe the renal arteries

Arises from descending aorta just below the superior mesenteric arteriesRight is higher than the left

14

Describe the ovarian/testicular arteries

Arise slightly inferior to the renal arteries

15

Describe the inferior mesenteric arteries

Arises 3-4cm above the aortic bifurcation. Supplies left 1/3 of transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon and rectum.

16

Describe the bifurcation of the abdominal aorta

Bifurcates into common iliac arteries at the left side of the 4th lumbar vertebral body.

17

Describe the bifurcation of the common iliac arteries.

Bifurcate into internal and external iliac arteries.