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Flashcards in Defense Mechanisms Deck (28):
1

What are defense mechanisms?

Automatic, unconscious, involuntary activities used by individuals to protect ego minimize pain and anxiety

2

Enables person to split mental functions that allow them to express unconscious impulses without taking responsibility for actions

disassociation

3

identifying with some idea or object so strongly that it becomes part of you; opposite of projection

introjection

4

refocusing of aggression or emotion evoked from external force into self

inversion

5

Directing a feeling toward a person or situation that is not the real cause ex. Man angry with his boss kicks a dog

displacement

6

replacing some painful feeling with complete opposite ex. Black person joins KKK

reaction formation

7

manifestation of emotional anxiety into physical feelings

somatization

8

Events that are too painful are removed from conscious mind. Expressed clinically as amnesia or selective forgetting

repression

9

Active refusal to recognize reality ex. Addict says it is not an an issue

denial

10

Attributing one's own disowned attitude to something else ex. Instead if saying I don't like then you say they don't like me

projection

11

Clts make up for deficiencies ex. Short man becomes cocky

compensation

12

Overestimation of an admired attribute of another

idealization

13

Person patterns themselves after significant other

identification

14

Loss of motivation to engage in pleasurable things because it might stir up conflict over forbidden impulses

inhibition

15

Giving believable explanation for irrational behavior

rationalization

16

Partial or symbolic return to more infantile patterns of reacting or thinking

regression

17

Diverting maladaptive behavior into socially acceptable activity ex. Channeling anger in sports

sublimation

18

Clt's existing defenses deteriorate

decompensation

19

Name three defense mechanisms associated with borderline personality disorder

Splitting - Perception of self or others is all good or all bad
Projective identification - unconsciously perceiving other's behavior as a reflection of one' own
Devaluation - attributing negative qualities to self or others

20

What is the difference between defense mechanisms and coping strategies?

Coping = voluntary
Defense = involuntary

21

Clts will get into trouble to get attention instead of talking about issues

acting out

22

Mastering anxiety by identifying with a powerful aggressor to counteract feelings of helplessness

identification with the aggressor

23

clt avoids uncomfortable emotions by focusing on facts and logic

intellectualism

24

Unacceptable impulse, idea, act is separated from its original memory source

isolation of affect

25

Unattainable or unacceptable goal, emotion, or object is replaces by one more attainable

substitution

26

Deflect hostile aggression or unacceptable impulses from another to self

Turning against self

27

Using words or actions to symbolically reverse or negate unacceptable thoughts, feelings, or actions

undoing

28

In this mechanism clts accept goal related outcomes perceived as less ideal because of beliefs that it is more realistics

aim inhibition