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Flashcards in Definitions Deck (20)
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1
Q

What does IDDM stands for?

A

Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
(Type I diabetes involves the pancreas gland behind the stomach).Pancreas produce a hormone called insulin

2
Q

Depression

A

person experience sadness, lack of pleasure, irritation or negative thinking most of the time.

3
Q

What does CCF stand for?

A

Congestive cardiac failure
when heart does not pump enough blood.

4
Q

Hepatitis

A

inflammation of liver— food borne and spread via contaminated water and unwashed food

5
Q

CRF (chronic renal failure)

A

disease kidney leading to renal failure.

6
Q

Hyperlipidaemia

A

too many fats in the blood (cholesterol).

7
Q

Coronary artery disease

A

damage/disease in the hearts major blood vessels
When coronary arteries struggle to supply the heart with enough blood, oxygen and nutrients. Cholesterol deposits, plaques are almost always to blame

8
Q

Jaundice

A

Condition where skin turn yellow and white of the eyes, mucous membranes turn yellow because high level of bilirubin, yellow orange bile pigment

9
Q

stroke

A

blood flow to a part of your brain is stopped blockage or the rupture of blood vessel

10
Q

Hypertension

A

High blood pressure

11
Q

DVT- deep vain thrombosis

A

blood clot in deep vein legs

12
Q

COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)

A

inflammation of lung caused by obstruction of airflow in lungs

13
Q

pneumonia

A

infection that inflames air sacs in lungs

14
Q

Dyspnea

A

Difficulty breathing (caused by cardiac & pulmonary

15
Q

Osteoarthritis

A

protective cartilage that cushion end of bones wears down overtime e.g. joints, in hands, knees, hips and spine

16
Q

postural drainage

A

drainage of secretions by effect of gravity from one or more lung segment to the central airways (removed by cough or mechanical aspiration)
best before meal stomach empty position sitting

17
Q

dietitian

A

expert in nutrition and diet

18
Q

wheezing

A

High pitched whisling sound that happen when you breathe– caused by narrowed airway or inflammmation.

19
Q

BMI (body mass index)

A

determine healthy weight 18.5-24.9 obese above 30

20
Q

Prolonge persistent cough

A

cough over 8 weeks