Definitions Flashcards Preview

Geography GCSE > Definitions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Definitions Deck (93)
Loading flashcards...
0

Appropriate Technology:

Aid supplied by a donor country whereby the level of technology and skill required to service it are properly suited to the receiving country

1

Backwash:

The movement of water down a beach by the action of gravity

2

Beach replenishment:

Building up the beach by pumping sand or shingle onto it

3

Bedload:

Larger particles moved along by a river bed

4

Birth rate:

The number of children born in a year for every 1000 people in a population

5

Brownfield site:

Land on which buildings have been built upon before

6

Catchment area:

The area from which people come to a shop or a shopping centre

7

Central Business District (CBD):

The main shopping and business centre of a city

8

Commuter range:

The distance people will travel from their homes to places of work

9

Constructive Waves:

Waves that build up beach material to create landforms

10

Conurbation:

A large urban area formed when cities and towns merge as they grow towards each other

11

Convenience/Low Order Goods:

Goods that people but frequently for everyday needs (e.g: bread, milk)

12

Counter-urbanisation:

A movement of people away from a city or town

13

Cyclone:

A system of winds rotating inwards to create an area of low pressure

14

Death rate:

The number of people who die in a year for every 1000 people in a population

15

Delta:

Where a river breaks into many distributaries before it reaches the Sea (e.g: the bird's foot delta)

16

Dependent:

When an area is reliant on one company or type of company for the majority of it's employment

17

Desertification:

The process by which land becomes desert

18

Destructive waves:

Waves that erode coastlines

19

Development:

The use of resources and the application of available technology to improve the standard of living within a country

20

Discharge:

The volume of water in a river passing a point in a given time, measured in cumecs (cubic metres per second)

21

Disposable income:

The amount of income a person has left after paying for all necessities

22

Dredging:

Taking sediment from a river or sea bed

23

Eco-tourism:

Environmentally responsible travel to natural areas in a way that has low impact on the natural environment and benefits to the local economy

24

Epicentre:

The point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus of an Earthquake

25

Erosion:

The wearing away and removal of rocks by the action of wind, water or ice

26

Estuary:

Tidal part of a river mouth

27

Evapotranspiration:

The sum of evaporation from the Earth's surface together with the transpiration from plants

28

Exponential growth:

A rate of increase that quickly doubles

29

Exports:

Goods that are sold to other countries